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Polyphosphate (polyP) consists of tens to hundreds of phosphates, linked by ATP-like high-energy bonds. Although polyP is present in mammalian mitochondria, its physiological roles there are obscure. Here, we examine the involvement of polyP in mitochondrial energy metabolism and ion transport. We constructed a vector to express a mitochondrially targeted(More)
We examined ion channels derived from a chloroform extract of isolated, dehydrated rat liver mitochondria. The extraction method was previously used to isolate a channel-forming complex containing poly-3-hydroxybutyrate and calcium polyphosphate from Escherichia coli. This complex is also present in eukaryotic membranes, and is located primarily in(More)
Reconstitution into planar lipid bilayers of a poly-3-hydroxybutyrate/calcium/polyphosphate (PHB/Ca(2+)/polyP) complex from Escherichia coli membranes yields cationic-selective, 100 pS channels (Das, S., Lengweiler, U.D., Seebach, D. and Reusch, R.N. (1997) Proof for a non-proteinaceous calcium-selective channel in Escherichia coli by total synthesis from(More)
Kinetics and voltage dependence of inactivation of a prokaryotic voltage-gated sodium channel (NaChBac) were investigated in an effort to understand its molecular mechanism. NaChBac inactivation kinetics show strong, bell-shaped voltage dependence with characteristic time constants ranging from approximately 50 ms at depolarized voltages to a maximum of(More)
Polyphosphate (poly-P) is an important metabolite and signaling molecule in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. DAPI (4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole), a widely used fluorescent label for DNA, also interacts with polyphosphate. Binding of poly-P to DAPI, shifts its peak emission wavelength from 475 to 525 nm (excitation at 360 nm), allowing use of DAPI for detection(More)
Insulin induces apolipoprotein A-I, apoA-I gene transcription via a membrane receptor with intrinsic tyrosine kinase activity. This finding prompted us to ask whether the gene is stimulated by epidermal growth factor (EGF), EGF a peptide hormone that binds to another member of the receptor superfamily with tyrosine kinase activity. Our data showed that like(More)
Our previous finding that insulin induces apolipoprotein AI (apoAI) transcription points to the participation of intracellular signaling. This finding prompted us to ask whether two classical G-protein-coupled signaling pathways requiring activated protein kinase A (PKA) or kinase C (PKC) may also regulate apoAI. Therefore, human hepatoma, Hep G2 cells(More)
The mechanism by which kappa-opioid receptor (kappaor) modulated apoptosis was investigated in CNE2 human epithelial tumor cells. Induction of these cells to undergo apoptosis with staurosporine was associated with a massive increase in intracellular cAMP level. The inhibition of the increase in cAMP partially inhibited apoptosis as evidenced by a reduction(More)
Opioid receptors are G-protein-coupled cell-surface receptors that are mainly expressed in neuronal cells. Stimulation of the kappa-opioid receptor expressed by cultured human epithelial cancer cells promotes staurosporine-induced apoptosis. In this study, while Bcl-2 did not inhibit staurosporine-induced apoptosis, it did inhibit the kappa-opioid(More)
BACKGROUND Arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy is an inherited heart muscle disorder leading to ventricular arrhythmias and heart failure, mainly as a result of mutations in cardiac desmosomal genes. Desmosomes are cell-cell junctions mediating adhesion of cardiomyocytes; however, the molecular and cellular mechanisms underlying the disease remain widely unknown.(More)
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