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BACKGROUND There has been an increase in 'risk sharing' schemes for pharmaceuticals between healthcare institutions and pharmaceutical companies in Europe in recent years as an additional approach to provide continued comprehensive and equitable healthcare. There is though confusion surrounding the terminology as well as concerns with existing schemes. (More)
BACKGROUND Since subjects included in population studies tend to underreport their weight and overestimate their height, obesity prevalence based on these data is often inaccurate. A reduced obesity threshold for self-reported height and weight was proposed and evaluated for its accuracy. METHODS Self-reported heights and weights were compared with(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine changes in the prevalences of overweight and obesity between 1980 and 1991 in French adults. DESIGN Two cross-sectional studies were performed in 1980 and 1991 by the French National Institute of Statistics and Economics Studies in representative samples of the non-institutionalized French population using a similar random sampling(More)
Background: We document in the present study the relation between unemployment and the prevalence of health problems and risk behaviour in France. Methods: Using data from the 1991–1992 French National Health Survey, adjustments are made for potential confounders, and relative risks (RR) are estimated for overweight, major physical diseases, depression, and(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate the direct medical costs associated with obesity in France. DESIGN Analysis of the French 1991-1992 National Household Survey database comprising a representative sample of 14, 670 individuals aged 18 y and over. A subgroup of subjects with a body mass index (BMI)>/=30 kg/m2 was compared with a control group of normal-weight(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate the costs associated with obesity in France. METHODS We used data from the 2002 survey on health and social protection as well as health care consumption data from the EPAS sample of the national health insurance funds. After excluding those younger than 18 years, pregnant women and people diagnosed with cancer, we classified(More)
Trends in the use of antimicrobials in France between 1980-1981 and 1991-1992 were analyzed. Data were obtained from surveys of health and ambulatory care, which were based on national probability samples. In a 3-month period in 1980, 17% of the population of France was treated with an antibiotic, compared with 25% in 1991 (P < .001). The frequency of(More)
In this paper, the health of women aged 30 to 49 years is analyzed according to the family and work roles which they exercise, based on the 1991-1992 French national health survey. Households are classified based on the amount of their material resources, and a variety of measures of health and of health-related behaviors are considered. Looking at each(More)
Medicines have made an appreciable contribution to improving health. However, even high-income countries are struggling to fund new premium-priced medicines. This will grow necessitating the development of new models to optimize their use. The objective is to review case histories among health authorities to improve the utilization and expenditure on new(More)
OBJECTIVES To analyse trends in antibiotic exposure of the French population from 1992 to 2000. METHODS The analysis used data provided by a representative annual nationwide survey of health care consumption in the community. RESULTS The frequency of antibiotic use increased from 4.7 per 100 person-months in 1992 to 7.3 in 1995, and remained stable from(More)