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NPC1L1, a recently identified relative of Niemann-Pick C1, was characterized to determine its subcellular location and potential function(s). NPC1L1 was highly expressed in HepG2 cells and localized in a subcellular vesicular compartment rich in the small GTPase Rab5. mRNA expression profiling revealed significant differences between mouse and man with(More)
OBJECTIVE Dissociative responses that occur at the time of a trauma (peritraumatic dissociation) have been described as a major risk factor for subsequent posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The current study evaluated peritraumatic dissociation and PTSD from a multivariate perspective, along with a less-investigated phenomenon: trauma-specific(More)
Factor XIa is a plasma protease that, by activating Factor IX, plays an important role in the early phase of the intrinsic pathway of blood coagulation. Four plasma protease inhibitors, alpha(1)-protease inhibitor, antithrombin III, C1-inhibitor, and alpha(2)-plasmin inhibitor, have been reported to inactivate human Factor XIa, but their quantitative(More)
The transient detection of fibrinogen on surfaces has been described (Vroman effect) and high-mol-wt kininogen (HK) has been shown to play a role in this reaction. In this study, we attempted to identify the form of HK responsible for preventing detection of the fibrinogen initially adsorbed from plasma to various artificial surfaces and to determine if(More)
High molecular weight kininogen (HMW)-kininogen, the cofactor of contact-activated blood coagulation, accelerates the activation of Factor XII, prekallikrein, and Factor XI on a negatively charged surface. Although prekallikrein and Factor XI circulate as a complex with HMW-kininogen, no physical association has been demonstrated between Factor XII and(More)
We have recently demonstrated that human high molecular weight kininogen (HMWK) is a pro-cofactor that is cleaved by kallikrein to yield a two-chain cofactor (HMWKa) and the nanopeptide bradykinin. This proteolysis enhances its association with an activating surface, an event necessary for expression of its cofactor activity. We now report that factor XIa(More)
Patients with hereditary angioedema lack C-1 inhibitor, a plasma alpha 2-glycoprotein that inhibits both the proteolytic action of C1, the activated first component of the complement system, and the activity of components of the contact phase of coagulation: kallikrein, factor XIa, and factor XIIa. Such patients have been shown to have low levels of C4 and(More)
Although it is well established that angiogenesis is essential to tumor development, no human protein with high specificity and efficacy for prevention of angiogenesis has been characterized. In a previous study, we demonstrated that recombinant platelet factor 4 (rPF 4) inhibited angiogenesis in the chicken chorioallantoic membrane. In the present study,(More)
An asymptomatic woman (Ms. Williams) was found to have a severe abnormality in the surface-activated intrinsic coagulation, fibrinolytic, and kinin-generating pathways. Assays for known coagulation factors were nromal while Fletcher factor (pre-kallikrein) was 45%, insufficient to account for the observed markedly prolonged partial thromboplastin time.(More)