Catherine Schalk

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BACKGROUND Aminopeptidases specifically cleave the amino-terminal residue from polypeptide chains and are involved in the metabolism of biologically active peptides. The family includes zinc-dependent enzymes possessing either one or two zinc ions per active site. Structural studies providing a detailed view of the metal environment may reveal whether the(More)
We show that the cyclin D1 gene is regulated by a variety of growth factors in human diploid fibroblasts (WI-38). Expression of cyclin D1 mRNA is low in quiescent WI-38 cells and reaches a maximum around 10 hours after serum stimulation, i.e. approximately 8 hours prior to the onset of DNA synthesis. A cyclin D1-specific antiserum raised against a(More)
The structure of the complex of Aeromonas proteolytica aminopeptidase, a two-zinc exopeptidase, with the inhibitor p-iodo-D-phenylalanine hydroxamate has been determined by X-ray crystallography. Refinement of the structure, which includes 220 water molecules, using data at 0.80-0.23-nm resolution resulted in a crystallographic residual R value of 16%. The(More)
In eukaryotes, DNA repair pathways help to maintain genome integrity and epigenomic patterns. However, the factors at the nexus of DNA repair and chromatin modification/remodeling remain poorly characterized. Here, we uncover a previously unrecognized interplay between the DNA repair factor DNA DAMAGE-BINDING PROTEIN 2 (DDB2) and the DNA methylation(More)
The heat-stable aminopeptidase from Aeromonas proteolytica has been purified using two new procedures, with the aim of preparing large single crystals for X-ray analysis. In a first procedure, we tried to avoid any drastic conditions capable of inducing microheterogeneities in the protein sample. The enzyme was purified through two chromatographic steps(More)
During infection, Beet necrotic yellow vein virus (BNYVV) particles localize transiently to the cytosolic surfaces of mitochondria. To understand the molecular basis and significance of this localization, we analyzed the targeting and membrane insertion properties of the viral proteins. ORF1 of BNYVV RNA-2 encodes the 21-kDa major coat protein, while ORF2(More)
Derivatives of 3-amino-2-tetralone were evaluated for their ability to selectively inhibit the membrane-bound zinc-dependent aminopeptidase (EC, isolated from porcine kidney. These novel nonpeptidic compounds are potent competitive inhibitors of the enzyme. Some of them have Ki values in the nanomolar range (g, Ki = 80 nM). Moreover, these(More)
The structure activity relationship of phosphoramidon analogues was studied for their ability to reduce the hypertensive effect of exogenous proET-1, probably via inhibition of an endothelin converting enzyme activity (ECE). Results concerning in vivo ECE and in vitro thermolysin inhibitions were compared. In contrast to the phosphoryl group of(More)
As photosynthetic organisms, plants need to prevent irreversible UV-induced DNA lesions. Through an unbiased, genome-wide approach, we have uncovered a previously unrecognized interplay between Global Genome Repair and small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) in the recognition of DNA photoproducts, prevalently in intergenic regions. Genetic and biochemical(More)
As obligate photosynthetic organisms plants are particularly exposed to the damaging effects of excess light and ultraviolet wavelengths, which can impact genome and epigenome dynamics by inducing DNA sequence and chromatin alterations. DNA DAMAGE-BINDING PROTEIN 2 (DDB2) is the main factor involved in the recognition of UV-induced DNA lesions during Global(More)