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Seeds of the tropical tree Moringa oleifera contain small storage proteins able to flocculate particles in suspension in water. The cDNA encoding one of these flocculent proteins, MO2.1, was cloned and the recombinant protein was expressed in Escherichia coli. The flocculent activity of the purified recombinant MO2.1 was assayed on clays and bacteria using(More)
Plant roots of many species produce thousands of cells that are released daily into the rhizosphere. These cells are commonly termed border cells because of their major role in constituting a biotic boundary layer between the root surface and the soil. In this study, we investigated the occurrence and ultrastructure of such cells in Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis(More)
Plant pathogens including fungi and bacteria cause many of the most serious crop diseases. The plant innate immune response is triggered upon recognition of microbe-associated molecular patterns (MAMPs) such as flagellin22 and peptidoglycan. To date, very little is known of MAMP-mediated responses in roots. Root border cells are cells that originate from(More)
To shed light on the genetic equipment of the beneficial plant-associated bacterium Pseudomonas brassicacearum, we sequenced the whole genome of the strain NFM421. Its genome consists of one chromosome equipped with a repertoire of factors beneficial for plant growth. In addition, a complete type III secretion system and two complete type VI secretion(More)
A group of exopolysaccharide-producing bacteria was isolated from the root environment of Arabidopsis thaliana. The genetic diversity revealed by REP-PCR fingerprinting indicated that the isolates correspond to different strains. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed that the isolates are closely related to the strains Rhizobium sp. YAS34 and USDA 1920,(More)
Microbial exopolysaccharides (EPSs) play key roles in plant-microbe interactions, such as biofilm formation on plant roots and legume nodulation by rhizobia. Here, we focused on the function of an EPS produced by Rhizobium sp. YAS34 in the colonization and biofilm formation on non-legume plant roots (Arabidopsis thaliana and Brassica napus). Using random(More)
Heavy metals such as cadmium (Cd(2+)) affect microbial metabolic processes. Consequently, bacteria adapt by adjusting their cellular machinery. We have investigated the dose-dependent growth effects of Cd(2+) on Rhizobium alamii, an exopolysaccharide (EPS)-producing bacterium that forms a biofilm on plant roots. Adsorption isotherms show that the EPS of R.(More)
Fluorinated double-chain (poly)cationic lipids (one or both of these chains being ended by a highly fluorinated tail) which are close analogues of DOTMA, DMRIE or DPPES were designed as synthetic vectors for gene delivery. For N/P ratios (N=number of amine functions of the lipid; P=number of DNA phosphates) from 0.8 to 5, these fluorinated cationic lipids(More)
The P2CS database (http://www.p2cs.org/) is a comprehensive resource for the analysis of Prokaryotic Two-Component Systems (TCSs). TCSs are comprised of a receptor histidine kinase (HK) and a partner response regulator (RR) and control important prokaryotic behaviors. The latest incarnation of P2CS includes 164,651 TCS proteins, from 2758 sequenced(More)
Engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) are used to enhance the properties of many manufactured products and technologies. Increased use of ENMs will inevitably lead to their release into the environment. An important route of exposure is through the waste stream, where ENMs will enter wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs), undergo transformations, and be discharged(More)