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Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) is an organ-specific autoimmune disease model used to investigate mechanisms involved in the activation of self-reactive T cells. Preproenkephalin (PPNK) is the gene that encodes the protein proenkephalin A that has been detected in the brain, adrenal cells and cells of the immune system. In this paper,(More)
Positive and negative expectancies regarding the behavioral effects of alcohol and cocaine were assessed and used to predict attitudes toward their use across four age groups (5-7, 8-10, 11-14, and 18-25, N = 121). Regardless of gender and minority status, children and early adolescents appeared to overgeneralize their beliefs about alcohol to a less(More)
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