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In recent years, the use of essential oils (EOs) derived from aromatic plants as low-risk insecticides has increased considerably owing to their popularity with organic growers and environmentally conscious consumers. EOs are easily produced by steam distillation of plant material and contain many volatile, low-molecular-weight terpenes and phenolics. The(More)
The purpose of this study was to develop an LC/MS assay to accurately detect three mycotoxins produced by Fusarium graminearum in various matrices. Using different LC conditions, deoxynivalenol (DON), 15-acetyldeoxynivalenol (15-ADON), and zearalenone (ZEN) were detected in four different matrices (fungal liquid cultures, maize grain, insect larvae and pig(More)
The management of certain plant beneficial microorganisms [biological control agents (BCAs)] seems to be a promising and environmental friendly method to control plant pathogens. However, applications are still limited because of the lack of consistency of BCAs when they are applied in the field. In the present paper, the advantages and limitations of BCAs(More)
The fungal pathogen Lecanicillium fungicola (formerly Verticillium fungicola) is responsible for severe losses worldwide in the mushroom (Agaricus bisporus) industry. Infected crops are characterised by masses of undifferentiated tissue (bubbles) growing in place of sporophores. The expression of three laccase genes (lcc1, lcc2 and lcc3), two tyrosinase(More)
ABSTRACT The relationship between the primary cell wall phenolic acids, dehydrodimers of ferulic acid, and maize grain resistance to Fusarium graminearum, the causal agent of gibberella ear rot, was investigated. Concentrations of dehydrodimers of ferulic acid were determined in the pericarp and aleurone tissues of five inbreds and two hybrids of varying(More)
A new, rapid HPLC-PAD-APCI/MS assay has been developed in order to measure accurately the amount of p-coumaric, E- and Z-ferulic acid and the dehydrodimers of ferulic acid in cereal grain. In the positive ionisation mode, MS patterns gave additional information for the identification of the dimers. The time required and the quantities of solvents employed(More)
Sun mushroom is a cultivated mushroom extensively studied for its medicinal properties for several years and literature abounds on the topic. Besides, agronomical aspects were investigated in Brazil, the country the mushroom comes from, and some studies focus on the biology of the fungus. This review aimed to present an overview of the non-medicinal(More)
Concentrations of mercury and persistent organic pollutants in fish were examined in 11 lakes of the French Pyrénées spanning an elevation range of 2 km. All lakes were confined to a relatively small area within a 50-km diameter. Most of the lakes were within the Pyrénées National Park, which is restricted to recreational hiking, angling, and seasonal(More)
BACKGROUND The almond mushroom Agaricus subrufescens (formerly Agaricus blazei or Agaricus brasiliensis) is cultivated at commercial level in Brazil and some Asian countries on local substrates and casing mixtures. Despite its tropical origin, A. subrufescens might be a seasonal option for mushroom growers in western countries, where some wild strains have(More)
The Brazilian almond mushroom is currently cultivated for its medicinal properties but cultivars are suspected all to have a common origin. The objective of this work was to assess the potential of wild isolates of Agaricus subrufescens Peck (Agaricus blazei, Agaricus brasiliensis) as a source of new traits to improve the mushroom yield and quality for(More)