Catherine R. Stewart

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Legionella pneumophila exhibits surface translocation when it is grown on a buffered charcoal yeast extract (BCYE) containing 0.5 to 1.0% agar. After 7 to 22 days of incubation, spreading legionellae appear in an amorphous, lobed pattern that is most manifest at 25 to 30 degrees C. All nine L. pneumophila strains examined displayed the phenotype. Surface(More)
Legionella pneumophila, the agent of Legionnaires' disease pneumonia, is transmitted to humans following the inhalation of contaminated water droplets. In aquatic systems, L. pneumophila survives much of time within multi-organismal biofilms. Therefore, we examined the ability of L. pneumophila (clinical isolate 130 b) to persist within biofilms formed by(More)
In a Bacillus subtilis deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) preparation, extracted and purified by the Marmur procedure, the DNA molecules carrying a particular marker are heterogeneous with respect to molecular weight, buoyant density, and thermal stability. This finding constitutes evidence against unique points of breakage during DNA isolation. The variation in(More)
The type II secretion (T2S) system of Legionella pneumophila is required for the ability of the bacterium to grow within the lungs of A/J mice. By utilizing mutants lacking T2S (lsp), we now document that T2S promotes the intracellular infection of both multiple types of macrophages and lung epithelia. Following infection of macrophages, lsp mutants (but(More)
When Legionella pneumophila grows on agar plates, it secretes a surfactant that promotes flagellum- and pilus-independent "sliding" motility. We isolated three mutants that were defective for surfactant. The first two had mutations in genes predicted to encode cytoplasmic enzymes involved in lipid metabolism. These genes mapped to two adjacent operons that(More)
There is now substantial evidence that coeliac sprue is associated with infertility both in men and women. In women it can also lead to delayed menarche, amenorrhoea, early menopause, recurrent abortions, and a reduced pregnancy rate. In men it can cause hypogonadism, immature secondary sex characteristics and reduce semen quality. The real mechanism by(More)
This study was performed to evaluate an automatic method of motor unit action potential (MUAP) analysis developed in our laboratory. MUAPs were recorded from the biceps brachii muscle of 68 normal subjects and 122 patients with nerve or muscle disease. The values of mean MUAP durations from normal subjects obtained by automatic analysis were similar to(More)
Extractable lytic activity in competent cells of Bacillus subtilis 168 was markedly increased after treatment with homologous or heterologous deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA). This increase was prevented by deoxyribonuclease, and did not occur with B. subtilis W23 or with noncompetent B. subtilis 168 cells, neither of which take up DNA. Although the(More)
1 I n t r o d u c t i o n IN NORMAL muscle the action potentials (APs) of individual muscle fibres of a motor unit (MU) occur at different times following a nerve impulse (Fig. 1). Normally the interval between pairs of single muscle fibre APs, the interpotential interval (IPI), varies slightly from one MU discharge to the next. This variability in(More)