Catherine R. Ratliff

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The National Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel has updated the definition of a pressure ulcer and the stages of pressure ulcers based on current research and expert opinion solicited from hundreds of clinicians, educators, and researchers across the country. The amount of anatomical tissue loss described with each stage has not changed. New definitions were(More)
Moisture-associated skin damage (MASD) is caused by prolonged exposure to various sources of moisture, including urine or stool, perspiration, wound exudate, mucus, saliva, and their contents. MASD is characterized by inflammation of the skin, occurring with or without erosion or secondary cutaneous infection. Multiple conditions may result in MASD; 4 of(More)
Acutely ill and immobilized neonates and children are at risk for pressure ulcers, but a paucity of evidence-based research exists on which to base guidelines for clinical practice. Most prevention and treatment protocols for pressure ulcers in the pediatric population are extrapolated from adult practice. Clinical practice guidelines for prevention and(More)
Physiological changes that occur as part of the aging process put the elderly at risk for developing skin tears. Lack of consistent care in the management of skin tears in the authors' community sparked a literature search to determine best evidence for the management of skin tears. Medline and Cochrane Library databases were searched for studies and(More)
Pressure ulcers in children are presumed to be relatively uncommon and have not been well studied. To better understand the occurrence of pressure ulcers in the pediatric population, two wound ostomy continence certified nurses at the University of Virginia Children's Hospital conducted prevalence studies in June 2003 and in June 2004. All five pediatric(More)
The bacterial colonization of a wound is a recognized detrimental factor in the multifactorial process of wound healing. The harmful effects on wound healing are recognized to correspond to a level of > 10(5) colonies of bacteria per gram of tissue. Negative pressure wound therapy has become an accepted treatment modality for acute and chronic wounds with(More)
Telehealth facilitates provision of healthcare services at distant sites using electronic communications. A pilot project utilizing telehealth was initiated in a long-term care community to assess the wounds of geriatric residents. Over a 1-year period, nine patients requiring a total of 21 visits were evaluated by an offsite University of Virginia Health(More)
Clinical pathways, linear time-related representations of patient care processes, are widely encouraged as a mechanism to outline efficient, cost-effective, multidisciplinary care. The translation of pathways from concept to reality is, however, predictably difficult. All caregivers are dedicated to a common goal, but organizational, personal, and(More)
A consensus panel was convened to review current knowledge of moisture-associated skin damage (MASD) and to provide recommendations for prevention and management. This article provides a summary of the discussion and the recommendations in regards to 2 types of MASD: incontinence-associated dermatitis (IAD) and intertriginous dermatitis (ITD). A focused(More)