Catherine Pierre-Audigier

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Partial sequencing of the hsp65 gene was used for the identification of rapidly growing mycobacteria (RGM). A 441-bp fragment (A. Telenti, F. Marchesi, M. Balz, F. Bally, E. Böttger, and T. Bodmer, J. Clin. Microbiol. 31:175-178, 1993) was amplified and sequenced by an automated fluorescence-based method involving capillary electrophoresis. Type strains of(More)
Forty-three percent of the tuberculosis cases reported in France are from the Ile de France region. The incidence of tuberculosis in this region is 33 cases per 100,000 inhabitants, twice the national average. A restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis was performed with clinical isolates of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolated during 1995 in(More)
We prospectively studied 298 patients with cystic fibrosis (mean age 11.3 years; range 2 months to 32 years; sex ratio, 0.47) for nontuberculous mycobacteria in respiratory samples from January 1, 1996, to December 31, 1999. Mycobacterium abscessus was by far the most prevalent nontuberculous mycobacterium: 15 patients (6 male, 9 female; mean age 11.9(More)
Multidrug-resistant (MDR) strains were identified in 40% of 54 strains from patients presenting with tuberculosis (TB) treatment failure or relapse in Bangui, Central African Republic. Results obtained with the MTBDRplus line-probe assay or rpoB sequencing were 86% concordant with rifampicin (RMP) resistant phenotypes, while the amplification refractory(More)
Mycobacterium smegmatis is a common environmental mycobacterium that was first identified in 1884, yet is a rare pathogen in humans. The few M. smegmatis infections reported to date have been localized and have occurred in association with a primary lesion in otherwise immunocompetent individuals. To our knowledge, no case of disseminated M. smegmatis(More)
We evaluated the repertoire of V beta segments used in forming the T-cell receptor of lavage and blood T lymphocytes from 11 sarcoid patients and 10 normal subjects using procedures based on quantitative polymerase chain reaction, permitting analysis of both the abundance of transcripts using each of 20 different V beta families and the diversity of the(More)
We studied the prevalence and species distribution of nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) in relation to age in 385 patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) (mean age +/- standard deviation [range], 12.0 +/- 6.1 [1 to 24] years; sex ratio, 0.53) attending three Parisian centers. The overall prevalence of NTM in sputum was 8.1% (31 out of 385). The following NTM(More)
In a study performed in Cambodia, a higher number of tuberculosis (TB) strains with mutations in the pncA gene associated with pyrazinamide resistance (PZA-R) was found in fluoroquinolone-resistant (FQ-R) multidrug-resistant (MDR) strains (93%), compared with 47% in MDR and 3% in non-MDR strains. This emphasises the need for easy and rapid tests for(More)
BACKGROUND Tuberculosis (TB) is a major cause of childhood morbidity and mortality in developing countries. One of the main difficulties is obtaining adequate specimens for bacteriological confirmation of the disease in children.The aim of this study is to evaluate the adequacy of fine-needle aspiration (FNA) for the diagnosis of TB. METHODS In a(More)
Interhuman transmission of Mycobacterium tuberculosis was investigated by using molecular typing, including restriction fragment length polymorphism with probes IS6110, DR (direct repeat) and PGRS (polymorphic GC-rich sequence) and a PCR method using the inverted repeat sequences of IS6110 as primers. From 105 patients hospitalized for tuberculosis during a(More)