Catherine Pieltain

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UNLABELLED With major advances in life-support measures, nutrition has become one of the most debated issues in the care of very low birth-weight (VLBW) infants. Current nutritional recommendations are based on healthy premature infants and designed to provide postnatal nutrient retention during the 'stable-growing' period equivalent to the intrauterine(More)
Many studies demonstrated that human milk is the recommended source of enteral nutrition in preterm infants providing several benefits with regards to feeding tolerance, immunity and cognitive development However, neurological immaturity and associated clinical conditions prevent them from suckling effectively. Therefore, mother's milk must be expressed,(More)
BACKGROUND As previously reported, dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry provides reliable and accurate values for bone mineralization in piglets and infants, but overestimates fat content in small infants. The purpose of the current study was to determine an appropriate equation of correction for fat mass measurement and to establish reference values of body(More)
In recent years, improvements in care have significantly improved survival in preterm and, particularily, the very low birth weight infant (VLBW). While immediate survival can be directly related to pulmonary maturity, several studies stress the importance of timely and adequate nutrition in these high-risk infants on a short- and long-term [1]. Yet,(More)
In very low birth weight (VLBW) infants careful growth and nutritional supervision are necessary in order to reduce the incidence of persistent growth retardation after 2 to 3 years of age. Recently, post-discharge formulas with higher protein, energy and mineral content has been developed with the aim to promote catch up growth and mineral accretion during(More)
Environmental factors, nutritional supplies, hormonal status, diseases, and treatments appear to affect postnatal skeletal growth and mineralization in VLBW infants. Compared with their term counterparts, ELBW infants are at risk of postnatal growth deficiency and osteopenia at the time of hospital discharge. From recent data, DXA is becoming one of the(More)
Aim—To evaluate the eVect of fortification on the osmolality of human milk. Methods—The osmolality of 47 samples of human milk was determined at baseline, just after, and 24 hours after supplementation with five diVerent human milk fortifiers (HMF) at 4°C. Results—Ten minutes after HMF supplementation the osmolality of human milk was significantly higher(More)
BACKGROUND Most preterm infants are still preterm and have a low birth weight when they are discharged from the hospital. An important issue is whether the long-term consequences of early growth restriction can be diminished by nutritional intervention in preterm infants after discharge from the hospital. AIM To evaluate differences in growth and in(More)
Recent advances in neonatal care significantly increases survival rate in preterm and particularly in extremely low birth weight infants (ELBW infants) and nutrition is becoming one of the most challenging issue to improve short and long term health and developmental outcomes. Nutrition is also relevant for bone development and mineralization reducing the(More)
Whole body composition was investigated using dual energy x-ray absorptiometry in 54 healthy preterm infants, birth weight < 1750 g, who were fed fortified human milk (n = 20) and preterm formula (n = 34) when full enteral feeding was attained and then again 3 wk later at around the time of discharge. Weight gain composition was calculated from the(More)