Catherine Pellat-Deceunynck

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The European Myeloma Network (EMN) organized two flow cytometry workshops. The first aimed to identify specific indications for flow cytometry in patients with monoclonal gammopathies, and consensus technical approaches through a questionnaire-based review of current practice in participating laboratories. The second aimed to resolve outstanding technical(More)
The humoral immune system senses microbes via recognition of specific microbial molecular motifs by Toll-like receptors (TLRs). These encounters promote plasma cell differentiation and antibody production. Recent studies have demonstrated the importance of the TLR system in enhancing antibody-mediated defense against infections and maintaining memory B(More)
Circulating plasma cells in 10 cases of reactive plasmacytosis had a shared phenotype with early plasma cell (CD19(+) CD38(+) CD138(+) CD40(+) CD45(+) CD11a+ CD49e- CD56(-)). In most cases, a minor subpopulation of CD28(+) plasma cells was also detected. Reactive plasma cells were highly proliferative, suggesting the presence of circulating progenitors(More)
The aim of this review is to integrate non-exhaustive relevant data on the phenotype of human plasma cells (PC), including normal, reactive and malignant (multiple myeloma, MM) PC. This review focuses on (i) a universal marker of both normal and malignant plasma cells, CD138; (ii) markers related to malignancy i.e., CD19, CD27, CD28, and CD56; (iii) markers(More)
Multiple myeloma (MM) patients are strongly vulnerable to infections, which remain a major cause of death. During infection, human immune cells sense the presence of invading pathogens through the Toll-like receptor family (TLR), which recognizes pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMP). We hypothesized that MM cells also could sense the presence of(More)
In order to evaluate putative changes of major adhesion molecule expression on plasma cells (PCs) associated with malignant transformation, tumor spreading, and immortalization, we have quantified and compared the expression of CD56, CD44, CD11a, CD49e, and CD45 RO/RA on normal PCs, malignant PCs from multiple myeloma patients in chronic phase, in(More)
Multiple myeloma is a plasma cell malignancy that is heterogeneous with respect to its causative molecular abnormalities and the treatment response of patients. The Bcl-2 protein family is critical for myeloma cell survival. ABT-737 is a cell-permeant compound that binds to Bcl-2 and Bcl-x(L) but not to Mcl-1. Using a myeloma cell line collection (n = 25)(More)
CD28 and CD40 are important activation pathways for T and B lymphocytes, respectively. The aim of this study was to determine the phenotype of plasma cells (PCs) and the expression of these two molecules, CD28 and CD40. Therefore, we have compared their expression on normal PCs from bone marrows and tonsils with that of freshly explanted malignant PCs from(More)
Multiple myeloma (MM) is a plasma cell malignancy mainly characterized by the accumulation of malignant plasma cells within the bone marrow. This review shows that the biology of CD45 illuminates that of MM and, more specifically, provides a better delineation of a tumor cell 'hierarchy' of clinical interest. We show that in MM, as in normal plasma cell(More)
The aim of this study was to assess the efficiency of p53 reactivation and induction of massive apoptosis (PRIMA-1(Met)) in inducing myeloma cell death, using 27 human myeloma cell lines (HMCLs) and 23 primary samples. Measuring the lethal dose (LD50) of HMCLs revealed that HMCLs displayed heterogeneous sensitivity, with an LD50 ranging from 4 μM to more(More)