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INTRODUCTION Worldwide, HIV-related mortality among adolescents living with HIV (ALHIV) increased by 50% from 2005 to 2012 and is attributed in part to a lack of support for adolescent retention to care and adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART). This vulnerability reinforces the need to better understand incomplete ART adherence among ALHIV,(More)
Introduction. Population growth and increasing urbanization in earthquake-prone areas suggest that earthquake impacts on human populations will increase in the coming decades. Recent large earthquakes affecting large populations in Japan, Haiti, Chile and New Zealand are evidence of this trend and also illustrate significant variations in outcomes such(More)
Vasectomy is a highly effective and safe contraceptive method for couples who want to stop childbearing, but only 2.4% of men around the world use this method. We conducted an extensive review of the vasectomy research literature and programmatic reports, published between April 2005 and April 2015, to synthesize barriers and facilitators to vasectomy(More)
Hypoxic vasoconstriction (HV) is an intrinsic response of mammalian pulmonary and cyclostome aortic vascular smooth muscle. The present study examined the utilization of calcium during HV in dorsal aortas (DA) from sea lamprey and New Zealand hagfish. HV was temporally correlated with increased free cytosolic calcium (Ca2+c) in lamprey DA. Extracellular(More)
Oxidized low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (OX-LDL), a reactive oxidant, forms when reactive oxygen species interact with LDL. Elevated OX-LDL may contribute to high blood pressure associated with diseases such as diabetes and obesity. The current study objective was to determine if OX-LDL is a vasoconstrictor acting through the OX-LDL receptor (LOX1) on(More)
Vascular dysfunction plays a role in most if not all cardiovascular disorders. Vascular dysfunction is defined as impaired vasodilation in response to agonists such as acetylcholine (ACh) that mediate vascular smooth muscle relaxation through release of the endothelial derived relaxing factor (EDRF) nitric oxide (NO). There is a wealth of literature to(More)
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