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Urban heat island is among the most evident aspects of human impacts on the earth system. Here we assess the diurnal and seasonal variation of surface urban heat island intensity (SUHII) defined as the surface temperature difference between urban area and suburban area measured from the MODIS. Differences in SUHII are analyzed across 419 global big cities,(More)
Soil-Vegetation-Atmosphere Transfer models (SVAT) and Crop Simulation models describe physical and physiological processes occurring in crop canopies. Remote sensing data may be used through assimilation procedures for constraining or driving SVAT and crop models. We developed the coupling between crop, SVAT and radiative transfer models in order to(More)
The reliability of model predictions used in meteorology, agronomy or hydrology is partly linked to an adequate representation of the water and energy balances which are described in so-called SVAT (Soil Vegetation Atmosphere Transfer) models. These models require the specification of many surface properties which can generally be obtained from laboratory(More)
Keywords: Radiative transfer theory BRDF Vegetation Adding method SAIL model Kuusk' model The SAIL model (proposed by Verhoef) is largely used in the remote sensing community to calculate the canopy Bidirectional Reflectance Distribution Function. The simulation results appear acceptable compared to observations especially for not very dense planophile(More)
—The goal of this paper is to propose a methodology based on vegetation index fusion to provide an accurate estimation of the fraction of vegetation cover (fCover). Because of the partial and imprecise nature of remote-sensing data, we opt for the evi-dential framework that allows us to handle such kind of information. The defined fCover belief functions(More)
Available online xxxx Keywords: Soil moisture Time series analysis Radar ERS scatterometer Western Africa s u m m a r y The analysis of feedback effects between continental surfaces and the atmosphere is a key element in the understanding of African monsoon dynamics. For this reason, the monitoring of surface parameters, in particular soil moisture, is(More)
The impact of climate warming on the advancement of plant spring phenology has been heavily investigated over the last decade and there exists great variability among plants in their phenological sensitivity to temperature. However, few studies have explicitly linked phenological sensitivity to local climate variance. Here, we set out to test the hypothesis(More)