Catherine Mwale

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To evaluate the epidemiologic significance of breastfeeding to the transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in a country with a high prevalence of HIV infection, the 1720 seronegative women who delivered at the University Teaching Hospital in Lusaka, Zambia, in a 3- month period in 1987 were enrolled in a longitudinal study. Only 634 (37%) of(More)
BACKGROUND Mother-to-child transmission of HIV (MTCT) remains the most prevalent source of pediatric HIV infection. Most PMTCT (prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV) programs have concentrated monitoring and evaluation efforts on process rather than on outcome indicators. In this paper, we review service data from 28,320 children born to(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the prevalence and pattern of refractive errors among African type 2 diabetes mellitus patients and establish the relationship between baseline refractive status and degree of glycaemic control. DESIGN A hospital based cross sectional study. SETTING Diabetic medical and eye clinics at Kenyatta National Hospital (KNH). SUBJECTS(More)
Neisseria gonorrhoeae strains resistant to treatment with penicillin, tetracycline, and/or spectinomycin are increasing in prevalence in many parts of the world. In Zambia, 52% of N. gonorrhoeae isolates produced beta-lactamase in 1986. Few oral regimens have proven effective for treatment of resistant N. gonorrhoeae. We conducted a prospective,(More)
OBJECTIVE--To determine the occurrence of vertical transmission of HIV-I from women positive for the virus and the prognosis for their babies. DESIGN--Women presenting in labour were tested for HIV-I. Their newborn babies were also tested. Women positive for the virus were followed up with their babies for two years. SETTING--Teaching hospital in Lusaka,(More)
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