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The Edinburgh Randomised Trial of Breast Cancer Screening recruited 44,288 women aged 45-64 years into the initial cohort of the trial during 1978-81, and 10 years of follow-up is now complete. A total of 22,944 women were randomised into the study group and were offered screening for 7 years; the remaining women formed the control group. After 10 years,(More)
Youth in urban environments are exposed to community violence, yet some do well and continue on a positive developmental trajectory. This study investigated the relationships between lifetime community violence exposure (including total, hearing about, witnessing, and victimization), family functioning, and positive youth development (PYD) among 110 urban(More)
Youth living in urban environments of pervasive violence are exposed to a variety of violence-related stressors. This qualitative descriptive study sought to ascertain how community-dwelling youth perceived exposure to violence and how these youth identified and used available resources. The intent of this community-based participatory research study was to(More)
In 1985 a second randomisation was initiated for women in the treatment arm of the Scottish Tamoxifen Trial either to stop tamoxifen at 5 years or to continue indefinitely. A preliminary analysis of outcome in 342 patients at a median follow-up of 6 years suggests that a worthwhile gain in disease control from continuing adjuvant tamoxifen beyond 5 years is(More)
Motor vehicle crashes are the leading source of morbidity and mortality in adolescents in the United States and the developed world. Inadequate allocation of attention to the driving task and to driving hazards are important sources of adolescent crashes. We review major explanations for these attention failures with particular focus on the roles that brain(More)
Urban adolescents are exposed to a substantial amount of community violence which has the potential to influence psychological functioning. To examine the relationship between community violence exposure and mental health symptoms in urban adolescents, a literature review using MEDLINE, CINAHL, PubMed, PsycINFO, CSA Social Services and CSA Sociological(More)
BACKGROUND All parties in community-academic partnerships have a vested interest prevention program success. Markers of success that reflect community's experiences of programmatic prevention success are not always measurable, but critically speak to community-defined needs. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this manuscript was to (1) describe our systematic(More)
The hypothesis that the nerve endings of the dopamine projection of the frontal cortex lack autoreceptors for regulation of tyrosine hydroxylase was tested by using the preferential inhibitors of dopamine autoreceptors, molindole and buspirone. In contrast to haloperidol, which elevates dopamine metabolism in the striatum and frontal cortex, both molindone(More)