Catherine McDonald

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Youth in urban environments are exposed to community violence, yet some do well and continue on a positive developmental trajectory. This study investigated the relationships between lifetime community violence exposure (including total, hearing about, witnessing, and victimization), family functioning, and positive youth development (PYD) among 110 urban(More)
Motor vehicle crashes are the leading source of morbidity and mortality in adolescents in the United States and the developed world. Inadequate allocation of attention to the driving task and to driving hazards are important sources of adolescent crashes. We review major explanations for these attention failures with particular focus on the roles that brain(More)
Youth living in urban environments of pervasive violence are exposed to a variety of violence-related stressors. This qualitative descriptive study sought to ascertain how community-dwelling youth perceived exposure to violence and how these youth identified and used available resources. The intent of this community-based participatory research study was to(More)
Urban adolescents are exposed to a substantial amount of community violence which has the potential to influence psychological functioning. To examine the relationship between community violence exposure and mental health symptoms in urban adolescents, a literature review using MEDLINE, CINAHL, PubMed, PsycINFO, CSA Social Services and CSA Sociological(More)
BACKGROUND All parties in community-academic partnerships have a vested interest prevention program success. Markers of success that reflect community's experiences of programmatic prevention success are not always measurable, but critically speak to community-defined needs. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this manuscript was to (1) describe our systematic(More)
The hypothesis that the nerve endings of the dopamine projection of the frontal cortex lack autoreceptors for regulation of tyrosine hydroxylase was tested by using the preferential inhibitors of dopamine autoreceptors, molindole and buspirone. In contrast to haloperidol, which elevates dopamine metabolism in the striatum and frontal cortex, both molindone(More)
Driving simulators can be used to evaluate driving performance under controlled, safe conditions. Teen drivers are at particular risk for motor vehicle crashes and simulated driving can provide important information on performance. We developed a new simulator protocol, the Simulated Driving Assessment (SDA), with the goal of providing a new tool for driver(More)
TOPIC Youth face trauma that can cause posttraumatic stress (PTS). PURPOSE (1) To identify the family phenomena used in youth PTS research; and(2) to critically examine the research findings regarding the relationship between family phenomena and youth PTS. SOURCES Systematic literature review in PsycInfo, PILOTS, CINAHL, and MEDLINE. Twenty-six(More)
Motor vehicle crashes remain the leading cause of death in teens in the United States. Newly licensed drivers are the group most at risk for crashes. Their driving skills are very new, still very often untested, so that their ability to properly react in an emergency situation remains a research question. Since it is impossible to expose human subjects to(More)