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Death of neuronal cells during development and following deprivation of trophic factors is known to occur via an active mechanism requiring RNA and protein synthesis, known as apoptosis. Apoptosis is a form of cell "suicide" whereby the cell decides its own fate by activating a genetic programme of cell death. In contrast, necrosis is a passive uncontrolled(More)
OBJECTIVES Substances such as monomers may be released from composite resin systems and may induce adverse effects in biological tissues. The aim of this study is to investigate the cytotoxic concentrations of resin composite monomers on cultures of human gingival fibroblasts. METHODS A range of dilutions of five resin composite monomers (HEMA, HPMA,(More)
The neurotoxin 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) induces apoptosis in the rat phaeochromocytoma cell line PC12. 6-OHDA-induced apoptosis is morphologically indistinguishable from serum deprivation-induced apoptosis. Exposure of PC12 cells to a low concentration of 6-OHDA (25 microM) results in apoptosis, whereas an increased concentration (50 microM) results in a(More)
We have examined the developing rat, mouse and marmoset globus pallidus for evidence of cells dying by a process of "naturally occurring" or programmed cell death. We have demonstrated that cells in the developing mammalian globus pallidus die by a process of apoptosis and that by day 7 after birth many of the apoptotic cells possess a neuronal phenotype.(More)
Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) and sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) act via PDGF beta receptor-S1P(1) receptor complexes in airway smooth muscle cells to promote mitogenic signaling. Several lines of evidence support this conclusion. First, both receptors were co-immunoprecipitated from cell lysates with specific anti-S1P(1) antibodies, indicating that(More)
Pharmacological manipulations which result in abnormal levels of excitatory amino acid (EAA) mediated neurotransmission can result in neuronal apoptosis. We accordingly hypothesised that manipulations of the external environment which induce prolonged EAA-mediated transmission in sensory neurons may also induce apoptosis. This hypothesis was tested by(More)
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES To examine the relationship between women's reported social support and their adherence to recommended breast cancer screening guidelines. DESIGN Descriptive, cross-sectional survey. SETTING Community women's organizations throughout the San Francisco Bay Area. SAMPLE 833 mostly low-income women with a mean age of 46.2 years from(More)
The hypothesis that L-DOPA therapy in Parkinson's disease may augment neuronal damage and thus accelerate the progression of the disease remains controversial. In this study, we demonstrate that L-DOPA induces death of catecholaminergic cells in vitro via an active program of apoptosis. Treatment of PC12 cells with clinically applicable concentrations of(More)
We have previously identified a novel complex between the platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)beta receptor and the sphingosine 1-phosphate receptor-1 (S1P1). The complex permits the utilization of active G-protein subunits (made available by constitutively active S1P1 receptor) by the PDGFbeta receptor kinase to transmit signals to p42/p44 MAPK in(More)
A human-human oligodendroglial cell line MO3.13 was chosen in this study to model the loss of oligodendrocytes that occurs during episodes of multiple sclerosis. The influence of mercuric chloride (HgCl(2)) upon cell viability specifically the mode of cell death, whether by an active apoptotic mechanism or passive necrosis was determined by morphological(More)