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PURPOSE To evaluate the activity and toxicity of gemcitabine and carboplatin in consecutive patients presenting with locally advanced or metastatic transitional cell carcinoma of the urothelium (TCC). PATIENTS AND METHODS Seventeen consecutive patients referred to a single institution with locally advanced or metastatic TCC were treated with carboplatin(More)
BACKGROUND The authors assessed cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) flow in patients with carcinomatous meningitis using technetium-99m-DTPA (Tc-99) ventriculography to determine the frequency of flow abnormalities, their reversibility with treatment, and the implications for successful therapy and survival. METHODS Technetium-99m-DTPA flow studies were performed(More)
Breast cancer is very rare in adolescents and very young women. Less than 1% of all breast cancer cases occur before the age of 30 years (Natl Cancer Inst Monogr 16 (1994) 69). Invasive breast cancer occurring in women before the age of 35 years has a more aggressive biological behaviour and is associated with a worse prognosis than in older premenopausal(More)
BACKGROUND The objective of this study was to review the need for radiotherapy or not in patients with occult primary breast cancer presenting with axillary metastases treated with breast conservation usually with no surgery to the breast. METHODS From 1975 to 2001, 58 patients were treated with axillary lymphadenopathy from a cryptic primary breast(More)
PURPOSE The rare association between breast cancer and pregnancy means that few oncologists gain an expertise in this area. In particular, there are few published data concerning the use of chemotherapy for breast cancer during pregnancy. In this retrospective case series, we describe the experiences of five hospitals in London, United Kingdom, and how they(More)
PURPOSE Theoretically, patients with early breast cancer might benefit from starting adjuvant chemotherapy soon after surgery, and this would have important clinical implications. We have addressed this question from a large, single-center database in which the majority of patients received anthracyclines. PATIENTS AND METHODS A total of 1161 patients(More)
The most frequent complication of the venous redirection (Mustard or Senning) operation for transposition of the great arteries is cardiac arrhythmia. Drug treatment of tachyarrhythmia often worsens bradyarrhythmia. Pacemakers can now treat both arrhythmias. The technique for implantation of pacemakers after redirection for transposition has changed over(More)
Pacemakers are being used with increasing frequency in children. New pacemakers are smaller, more sophisticated, can be programmed, have output telemetry, are more reliable, and are longer lasting. Implant techniques have been modified, so that they are less traumatic to the patient and result in better electrical measurements. Transvenous implants seem to(More)
The role of neoadjuvant chemotherapy in locally advanced breast cancer is firmly established. There is now also an emerging role for neoadjuvant systemic therapy in the treatment of operable breast cancer. There is good evidence that the chances of breast conserving surgery can be increased with this approach and results of randomised studies indicate that(More)