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We investigated the feasibility of using genetic techniques to census pine marten (Martes martes) populations by genotyping non-invasively collected samples (plucked hair and scats), with particular reference to the genetically depauperate Irish population. Novel real-time polymerase chain reaction methods were developed for species and sex identification,(More)
Key Points: • Lake surface waters are warming rapidly but are spatially heterogeneous • Ice-covered lakes are typically warming at rates greater than air temperatures • Both geomorphic and climate factors influence lake warming rates Supporting Information: • Figures S1–S4 and Tables S1–S4 Citation: O'Reilly, C. M., et al. (2015), Rapid and highly variable(More)
Diatoms are frequently used as indicators of eutrophication in temperate systems, but little is known about their application to impacted African tropical systems. Five streams located within Gombe Stream National Park and five streams supporting human settlements draining into Lake Tanganyika, East Africa, were investigated for species composition,(More)
We investigated paleolimnological records from a series of river deltas around the northeastern rim of Lake Tanganyika, East Africa (Tanzania and Burundi) in order to understand the history of anthropogenic activity in the lake's catchment over the last several centuries, and to determine the impact of these activities on the biodiversity of littoral and(More)
Population growth and watershed deforestation in northwestern Tanzania threaten the biodiversity of Lake Tanganyika through erosion and habitat degradation. We used cores collected offshore from Gombe Stream National Park and a deforested watershed to reconstruct how land-use changes in the Gombe Stream area since A.D. 1750 have affected lake biodiversity.(More)
Tropical aquatic systems are generally assumed to have little seasonality in productivity patterns. However, this study indicated that there was substantial seasonal variation in epilithic productivity and biomass in tropical Lake Tanganyika, due primarily to seasonal patterns in lake hydrodynamics that influence nutrient availability. Although they support(More)
The genes encoding an enantioselective nitrile hydratase (NHase) from Rhodococcus erythropolis AJ270 have been cloned and an active NHase has been produced in Escherichia coli. Maximal activity was found when the genes encoding the α- and β-subunits were transcribed as one unit and the gene encoding the P44k activator protein as a separate ORF on a single(More)
The nitrile metabolising strains AJ270, AJ300 and AJ115 were isolated from the same location. The strains have very similar nitrile metabolising profiles. Sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene indicates that strains AJ270 and AJ300 are novel strains of Rhodococcus erythropolis while strain AJ115 is a novel Microbacterium strain very closely related to(More)
Nitriles are widespread in the environment as a result of biological and industrial activity. Nitrile hydratases catalyse the hydration of nitriles to the corresponding amide and are often associated with amidases, which catalyze the conversion of amides to the corresponding acids. Nitrile hydratases have potential as biocatalysts in bioremediation and(More)
Bacterial enzymes capable of nitrile hydrolysis have significant industrial potential. Microbacterium sp. AJ115, Rhodococcus erythropolis AJ270 and AJ300 were isolated from the same location in England and harbour identical nitrile hydratase/amidase gene clusters. Strain AJ270 has been well studied due to its nitrile hydratase and amidase activity. R.(More)