Catherine M. O’Reilly

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The filamentous fungus Fusarium lateritium is cyanide tolerant, due, at least in part, to the induction by cyanide of the enzyme formamide hydrolyase (EC 4.2.1.66). This enzyme, more commonly known as cyanide hydratase, catalyses the hydration of cyanide to formamide. The enzyme was purified from F. lateritium and showed a subunit molecular mass of 43 kDa(More)
Although the effects of climate warming on the chemical and physical properties of lakes have been documented, biotic and ecosystem-scale responses to climate change have been only estimated or predicted by manipulations and models. Here we present evidence that climate warming is diminishing productivity in Lake Tanganyika, East Africa. This lake has(More)
The mitochondrial membrane potential (DeltaPsi(m)) underlies many mitochondrial functions, including Ca(2+) influx into the mitochondria, which allows them to serve as buffers of intracellular Ca(2+). Spontaneous depolarizations of DeltaPsi(m), flickers, have been observed in isolated mitochondria and intact cells using the fluorescent cationic lipophile(More)
We investigated the origins and persistence of European pine marten (Martes martes) populations across the British Isles by identifying mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) sequences from contemporary populations (sampled since 1981) and comparing these with those of older ‘historical’ museum specimens (pre-1981) originally collected from the same geographic areas.(More)
Global environmental change has influenced lake surface temperatures, a key driver of ecosystem structure and function. Recent studies have suggested significant warming of water temperatures in individual lakes across many different regions around the world. However, the spatial and temporal coherence associated with the magnitude of these trends remains(More)
A non-invasive approach was used to investigate variation in pine marten (Martes martes) abundance between the midlands and east of Ireland, and to determine the frequency of occurrence of squirrels and other small mammals in the diet. Remotely plucked hair samples were genotyped to differentiate between individual animals, and real-time polymerase chain(More)
DNA identification of mammal species occurring in the diet of a predator is potentially a useful approach to remotely monitor the distribution of multiple species. This is important in Ireland, where it has been shown that the combined presence of the introduced bank vole and greater white-toothed shrew impact the distribution of the indigenous small(More)
The genes encoding an enantioselective nitrile hydratase (NHase) from Rhodococcus erythropolis AJ270 have been cloned and an active NHase has been produced in Escherichia coli. Maximal activity was found when the genes encoding the alpha- and beta-subunits were transcribed as one unit and the gene encoding the P44k activator protein as a separate ORF on a(More)
Lake Tanganyika, the deepest and most voluminous lake in Africa, has warmed over the last century in response to climate change. Separate analyses of surface warming rates estimated from in situ instruments, satellites, and a paleolimnological temperature proxy (TEX86) disagree, leaving uncertainty about the thermal sensitivity of Lake Tanganyika to climate(More)
Despite their often high conservation status and international obligations to undertake regular population surveillance, the status of pine marten (Martes martes) in many countries remains poorly understood. We conducted a non-invasive survey to determine the abundance of pine marten in forested habitat located within a 360 km2 mountainous region of(More)