Catherine M Hawrylowicz

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BACKGROUND Genetic differences in immune responses may affect susceptibility to mycobacterial infection, but no specific genes have been implicated in humans. We studied four children who had an unexplained genetic susceptibility to mycobacterial infection and who appeared to have inherited the same recessive mutation from a common ancestor. METHODS We(More)
We show that a combination of the immunosuppressive drugs, vitamin D3 and Dexamethasone, induced human and mouse naive CD4(+) T cells to differentiate in vitro into regulatory T cells. In contrast to the previously described in vitro derived CD4(+) T cells, these cells produced only interleukin (IL)-10, but no IL-5 and interferon (IFN)-gamma, and(More)
SUMMARY Interleukin-10 (IL-10) is a cytokine with broad anti-inflammatory properties by its suppression of both macrophage and dendritic cell function, including antigen-presenting cell function and the production of proinflammatory cytokines. This can result subsequently in the feedback regulation of both T-helper 1 (Th1)-type and Th2-type responses. This(More)
The mode of action of Leflunomide, an immunomodulatory drug used in rheumatoid arthritis, is debated. This study, using 14C-labeled de novo purine and pyrimidine synthesis precursors, proves conclusively that the prime target in proliferating human T-lymphocytes is pyrimidine biosynthesis at the level of dihydroorotic-acid dehydrogenase. Leflunomide (25 and(More)
Allergic diseases are caused by aberrant T-helper-2 immune responses in susceptible individuals. Both naturally occurring CD4(+)CD25(+) regulatory T cells and inducible populations of antigen-specific interleukin-10-secreting regulatory T cells inhibit these inappropriate immune responses in experimental models. This article discusses the evidence that(More)
RATIONALE Little is known about vitamin D status and its effect on asthma pathophysiology in children with severe, therapy-resistant asthma (STRA). OBJECTIVES Relationships between serum vitamin D, lung function, and pathology were investigated in pediatric STRA. METHODS Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D(3)] was measured in 86 children (mean age, 11.7(More)
Regulatory T cells (TRegs) play a central role in the maintenance of peripheral tolerance. They prevent inappropriate immune responses to ubiquitous allergens in healthy individuals, and contribute to the maintenance of immune homeostasis in the airways. Both Foxp3+ and IL-10+ TReg have been implicated in these functions. Glucocorticoids represent the(More)
We previously reported that human CD4+ Tregs secrete high levels of IL-10 when stimulated in the presence of dexamethasone and calcitriol (vitamin D3). We now show that following stimulation by allergen, IL-10-secreting Tregs inhibit cytokine secretion by allergen-specific Th2 cells in an IL-10-dependent manner. A proportion of patients with severe asthma(More)
Greater clinical benefit in controlling the symptoms of asthma is frequently observed through combining moderate doses of inhaled glucocorticoids together with long-acting beta(2)-agonists, as compared with increasing glucocorticoid dosage alone. To address in vitro whether glucocorticoids plus beta(2)-agonists, compared with glucocorticoids alone, have(More)
BACKGROUND Specific subcutaneous immunotherapy (SCIT) for seasonal rhinoconjunctivitis with unmodified allergen extracts is effective, but limited by risk of side-effects and involves treatment over 3 years. We examined a depigmented polymerized grass pollen extract for immunogenicity and for clinical efficacy in a rush preseasonal regimen. METHODS(More)