Catherine M Byrne

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1. The use of the cytoplasmic enzyme, alpha glutathione s-transferase (alpha-GST) as an early index of carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) toxicity in the rat was investigated and compared with a standard enzyme, marker, aspartate aminotransferase (AST). The hepatotoxic effects of CCl4 in the rat were determined in a time and dose-response study. 2. Following CCl4(More)
Few data exist on the interaction of Campylobacter upsaliensis with host cells, and the potential for this emerging enteropathogen to invade epithelial cells has not been explored. We have characterized the ability of C. upsaliensis to invade both cultured epithelial cell lines and primary human small intestinal cells. Epithelial cell lines of intestinal(More)
The survival characteristics of a non-toxigenic, antibiotic-resistant strain of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in bovine faeces were investigated. Faecal samples were inoculated with 10(8-9) cfu g-1 of the organism and (i) stored in closed plastic containers at 10 degrees C, (ii) stored in closed plastic containers placed outside or (iii) decanted onto the(More)
Fresh bovine faeces were inoculated with a non-toxigenic, antibiotic resistant strain of Escherichia coli O157:H7, spread on the rump areas of 30 heifers and allowed to dry for 24 h. Ten of the cattle then entered the normal slaughter process without further treatment. The remaining cattle were washed with a powerhose for 1 min (10 animals) and 3 min (10(More)
The effect of culture growth phase on induction of the heat shock response in Yersinia enterocolitica and Listeria monocytogenes, was examined. Exponential or stationary preconditioned cultures were heat shocked and survivor numbers estimated using selective and overlay/resuscitation recovery techniques. The results indicate that prior heat shock induced(More)
Campylobacter jejuni is a common cause of serious diarrhoeal disease in humans, in contrast to the avian population, where exposure results in prolonged colonization at high density without disease. Colonized poultry present a significant source of infection to humans worldwide. The aim of this work was to compare the interaction of Campylobacter with(More)
The survival characteristics of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in silage derived from contaminated grass were investigated. The survival of other enteric bacteria was also investigated to determine if E. coli O157:H7 demonstrates enhanced acid tolerance in comparison. Samples of chopped grass were treated as follows: (i) no additive (control); (ii) inoculation(More)
AIMS To determine the degree of relatedness between isolates of Escherichia coli O157:H7 of human, bovine, ovine and porcine origin. METHODS AND RESULTS Escherichia coli O157:H7 isolates were compared using (i) PFGE XbaI patterns, (ii) PCR profiles of virulence genes and (iii) the DNA sequences of genes reported to play a role in pathogenicity. The 77 E.(More)
AIMS To (i) monitor the presence of Enterobacteriaceae as indicators of faecal contamination on pig carcasses, (ii) examine the potential use of chilling as a critical control point (CCP) and establish its influence on pig carcass categorization by Decision 471/EC and (iii) determine the incidence of E. coli O157:H7 in pigs. METHODS AND RESULTS Porcine(More)
The effects of commercial beef burger production and product formulation on the heat resistance of Escherichia coli O157:H7 (NCTC 12900) in beef burgers were investigated. Fresh beef trimmings were inoculated with E. coli O157:H7 to approximately log10 7.0 cfu g(-1) and subjected to standard beef burger production processes, including freezing, frozen(More)