Catherine M. Bell

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The lectin-binding properties of psoriatic epidermis were assessed using a wide range of lectins. Changes in these properties were found at all levels of differentiation in lesional tissue. There was no clear evidence for an expansion in the population of basal-type cells. Binding of some lectins demonstrated a normal basal-suprabasal boundary. Others bound(More)
Small, noncoding RNAs are short untranslated RNA molecules, some of which have been associated with cancer development. Recently we showed that a class of small RNAs generated during the maturation process of tRNAs (tRNA-derived small RNAs, hereafter "tsRNAs") is dysregulated in cancer. Specifically, we uncovered tsRNA signatures in chronic lymphocytic(More)
UNLABELLED The activity of mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) is frequently enhanced in carcinomas, an effect thought to contribute to the malignant phenotype. Here, it is demonstrated that either deletion or mutation of TP53 in colon or lung carcinoma cells substantially enhances mTORC1 kinase activity by an effect downstream of and(More)
HIV-1 Vif, Vpr, and Vpu proteins have a profound effect on efficient viral replication and pathogenesis. This study describes the genotypic characterisation of vif , vpr and vpu from 20 South African HIV-1 subtype C primary isolates, and extensive analysis and comparison of known motifs. All HIV-1 subtype C Vif, Vpr and Vpu proteins revealed the presence of(More)
The key sensor of energy status in mammalian cells, AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), can also be activated by the AMP analog aminoimidazolecarboxamide nucleoside monophosphate (ZMP) generated directly from aminoimidazolecarboxamide ribonucleoside (AICAR) or from inhibition of purine synthesis by the antifolate pemetrexed (PTX), a drug used extensively(More)
Factors affecting the binding of a wide range of lectins to normal human skin were examined in order to evaluate current discrepancies in the literature. The profile of specific binding characteristic for each lectin was found to be variously influenced by the source of conjugate, tissue-processing method, the effectiveness of saccharide inhibitors, and by(More)
The activity of mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) is frequently enhanced in carcinomas, an effect thought to contribute to the malignant phenotype. Here, it is demonstrated that either deletion or mutation of TP53 in colon or lung carcinoma cells substantially enhances mTORC1 kinase activity by an effect downstream of and independent of AMPK.(More)
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