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The oocyst wall of apicomplexan parasites protects them from the harsh external environment, preserving their survival prior to transmission to the next host. If oocyst wall formation could be disrupted, then logically, the cycle of disease transmission could be stopped, and strategies to control infection by several organisms of medical and veterinary(More)
Exposure of amino acids, peptides and proteins to radicals, in the presence of oxygen, gives high yields of hydroperoxides. These materials are readily decomposed by transition metal ions to give further radicals. We hypothesized that hydroperoxide formation on nuclear proteins, and subsequent decomposition of these hydroperoxides to radicals, might result(More)
OBJECTIVE Proteins are the major effectors of biological structure and function. Oxidation-induced changes to protein structure can critically impair protein function, with important pathologic consequences. This study was undertaken to examine whether oxidation-induced changes to protein structure occur during pediatric cardiopulmonary bypass and to(More)
The product of the c-myc oncogene is an important regulator of both cell proliferation and programmed cell death (apoptosis). We have previously shown that a myelomonocytic cell line termed tEMmyc4, with enforced v-myc expression, underwent apoptosis under growth inhibitory conditions. To further investigate the linkage of v-myc expression to apoptosis in(More)
We investigate the conditions enabling actin filaments to act as electrical transmission lines for ion flows along their lengths. We propose a model in which each actin monomer is an electric element with a capacitive, inductive, and resistive property due to the molecular structure of the actin filament and viscosity of the solution. Based on Kirchhoff's(More)
Malignant melanoma occurs as a familial cancer in 5%-10% of cases where it segregates in a manner consistent with autosomal dominant inheritance. Evidence from cytogenetics, fine-mapping studies of deletions in melanomas, and recent linkage studies supports the location of a human melanoma predisposition gene on the short arm of chromosome 9. We have(More)
Previous studies have reported that myosin can be modified by oxidative stress and particularly by activated haem proteins. These reactions have been implicated in changes in the properties of this protein in food samples (changes in meat tenderness and palatability), in human physiology (alteration of myocyte function and force generation) and in disease(More)
Exposure of amino acids, peptides and proteins to radicals in the presence of O2 generates hydroperoxides in a dose-dependent manner. These hydroperoxides are stable in the absence of exogenous catalysts (e.g. heat, light, redox-active transition metal ions), but decompose rapidly in the presence of these agents to give a variety of radicals including(More)
Exposure of individual histone proteins (H1, H2A, H2B, H3, or H4) and histone octamers (consisting of two molecules each of H2A, H2B, H3, and H4) to hydroxyl radicals, generated by gamma-irradiation, in the presence of O(2) generates protein-bound hydroperoxides in a dose-dependent fashion; this is in accord with previous studies with other proteins. These(More)
Apicomplexan parasites such as Eimeria maxima possess a resilient oocyst wall that protects them upon excretion in host faeces and in the outside world, allowing them to survive between hosts. The wall is formed from the contents of specialised organelles - wall-forming bodies - found in macrogametes of the parasites. The presence of dityrosine in the(More)