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Fructooligosaccharides (FOS) increase the growth of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) and promote butyrate and lactate production. Because of these properties, FOS may benefit intestinal inflammation. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of FOS on colitis in rats and determine which factors are involved. Groups of rats with intracolonic(More)
BACKGROUND Automated peritoneal dialysis (APD) has been increasingly used in recent years. Our purpose was to investigate whether the good preservation of residual renal function (RRF) that has been reported in patients on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) is also observed in APD. METHODS RRF was determined and compared prospectively over 1(More)
1. The acute effects of a single oral dose of sinorphan (100 mg), an inhibitor of neutral endopeptidase, on the plasma atrial natriuretic factor level and the fractional excretion of sodium were examined in 12 patients with severe chronic renal failure who were not on maintenance haemodialysis and who ingested a normal sodium diet. The drug was administered(More)
Gestational hypertensive disorders, such as preeclampsia, affect 6% to 8% of all pregnancies in North America, and they are the leading cause of maternal mortality in industrialized countries, accounting for 16% of deaths. Women with hypertension have an increased risk (15% to 25%) of developing preeclampsia. Our aim was to investigate the mechanisms(More)
Various puncture routes, veins, arteries, heart, are used to take blood in animals. For anatomical reasons, differences in blood composition are expected among puncture sites. However, this issue has been rarely assessed and contrasted results have been reported: strong effects of puncture site versus a lack of effect. We captured free-ranging freshwater(More)
Nereis virens is an errant polychaete which lives in sand galleries that it rarely leaves. Most of the authors studying its feeding behavior consider this annehid to be carnivorous or almost omnivorous Several of these authors succeeded in feeding the annehid with pieces of mollusc or polychaete flesh which are offered at the opening of the gallery. The(More)
The mucus layer covering the epithelium is one of the main lines of defense of the colonic barrier. Both mucus gel and mucin expressions are altered during colonic inflammation and could be involved in epithelial repair. We postulated that modulating colonic mucus and mucins by probiotic supplementation could contribute to healing inflammatory mucosa. Our(More)
IMPORTANCE Although predisposing factors for bullous pemphigoid (BP) have been recently established, no clinical or immunologic factors have yet been identified to predict disease outcome. OBJECTIVE To identify risk factors for BP relapse during the first year of treatment. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS Multicenter prospective study of 120(More)
Carrageenan (CGN) is a high molecular weight sulphated polysaccharide derived from red seaweeds. In rodents, its degraded forms (dCGN) can induce intestinal inflammation associated with macrophage recruitment and activation. The aim of this study was: 1) to analyze the size-dependent effects of dCGN on colon inflammation in vivo, and 2) to correlate these(More)
We report the case of a female patient with seronegative lupus and predominant bladder and intestinal involvement in the form of interstitial cystitis and protein-losing enteropathy. This association is exceptional in the literature but may be underestimated because of frequent latency of interstitial cystitis. It may define a peculiar subgroup of lupus(More)