Learn More
Apelin, a peptide recently isolated from bovine stomach tissue extracts, has been identified as the endogenous ligand of the human orphan APJ receptor. We established a stable Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell line expressing a gene encoding the rat apelin receptor fused to the enhanced green fluorescent protein, to investigate internalization and the(More)
The discovery that all components of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) are present in the central nervous system led investigators to postulate the existence of a local brain RAS. Supporting this, angiotensin immunoreactive neurons have been visualized in the brain. Two major pathways were described: a forebrain pathway which connects circumventricular(More)
A neuropeptide was isolated from a frog brain extract by HPLC purification and characterized by mass spectrometry. This 26-aa neuropeptide, which belongs to the RFamide peptide family, was designated 26RFa, and its primary structure was established as VGTALGSLAEELNGYNRKKGGFSFRF-NH2. Research in databases revealed the presence of sequences homologous to frog(More)
Apelin, a neuropeptide recently identified as the endogenous ligand for the G protein-coupled receptor APJ, is highly concentrated in brain structures involved in the control of body fluid homeostasis including the supraoptic (SON) and paraventricular (PVN) hypothalamic nuclei. To clarify the implication of apelin in the regulation of water balance, we(More)
To study the distribution of the recently cloned angiotensin II type 2 (AT2) receptor in the rat fetus, a double stranded cDNA was generated by a new and recently described methodology requiring no cloning procedure. The cDNA obtained after reverse transcription (RT) and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification corresponded to 500 base pairs of the(More)
The hyperactivity of the brain renin-angiotensin system (RAS) has been implicated in the development and maintenance of hypertension in several types of experimental and genetic hypertension animal models. We previously reported that in the murine brain, aminopeptidase A (APA) is involved in the conversion of angiotensin II (AngII) to AngIII and that AngIII(More)
The brain angiotensin (Ang) system plays an important role in the central control of vasopressin release. Using EC33, a selective aminopeptidase A inhibitor which blocks the metabolism of Ang II in Ang III, we previously reported that vasopressin release was under the control of Ang III and not Ang II. To determine accurately the action of EC33, the effects(More)
Zhang et al. (Research Articles, 11 November 2005, p. 996) reported that obestatin, a peptide derived from the ghrelin precursor, activated the orphan G protein-coupled receptor GPR39. However, we found that I125-obestatin does not bind GPR39 and observed no effects of obestatin on GPR39-transfected cells in various functional assays (cyclic adenosine(More)
Apelin is a novel neuropeptide involved in the regulation of body fluid homeostasis and cardiovascular functions. It acts through a G protein-coupled receptor, the APJ receptor. We studied the structure-activity relationships of apelin at the rat apelin receptor, tagged at its C-terminal end with enhanced green fluorescent protein and stably expressed in(More)