Catherine Leclerc

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Through the injection of f-aequorin (a calcium-sensitive bioluminescent reporter) into the dorsal micromeres of 8-cell stage Xenopus laevis embryos, and the use of a Photon Imaging Microscope, distinct patterns of calcium signalling were visualised during the gastrulation period. We present results to show that localised domains of elevated calcium were(More)
The molecular mechanism of neural induction is still unknown and the identity of the natural inducer remains elusive. It has been suggested that both the protein kinase C and cAMP signal transduction pathways may be involved in mediating its action. Here we provide evidence that Ca2+ is implicated in the process of transduction of the neuralizing signal. We(More)
Specific and non-specific parasite-induced changes in lymphocyte responses were analysed in C57/BL/6J mice after intrahepatic infection with Echinococcus multilocularis. Spleen cells harvested at selected times after infection were in vitro stimulated with mitogens or a crude soluble parasite extract (EmAg) at an optimized dose. Cell proliferative responses(More)
The adenylate cyclase toxin (CyaA) of Bordetella pertussis is a major virulence factor required for the early phases of lung colonization. It can invade eukaryotic cells where, upon activation by endogenous calmodulin, it catalyzes the formation of unregulated cAMP levels. CyaA intoxication leads to evident toxic effects on macrophages and neutrophils.(More)
The clinical manifestations observed in human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)-infected patients are primarily due to the capacity of the virus and its components to inactivate the immune system. HIV-1 Tat protein could participate in this immune system disorder. This protein is secreted by infected cells of HIV-infected patients and is free in the(More)
Over the last few years, anticancer immunotherapy has emerged as a new exciting area for controlling tumors. In particular, vaccination using synthetic tumor-associated antigens (TAA), such as carbohydrate antigens hold promise for generating a specific antitumor response by targeting the immune system to cancer cells. However, development of synthetic(More)
Bordetella pertussis adenylate cyclase (AC) toxin-hemolysin (ACT-Hly) can penetrate a variety of eukaryotic cells. Recombinant AC toxoids have therefore been recently used for delivery of CD8(+) T-cell epitopes into antigen-presenting cells in vivo and for induction of protective antiviral, as well as therapeutic antitumor cytotoxic T-cell responses. We(More)
In amphibian embryos the central nervous system derives from the dorsal region of the ectoderm. Molecular studies led to the formulation of the "neural default model" in which neural development is under the inhibitory control of members of the BMP family. These growth factors also act as epidermis inducers. The neural fate is revealed by factors secreted(More)
Mercuric chloride (HgCl2) induces T helper 2 (Th2) autoreactive anti-class II T cells in Brown Norway rats. These cells produce interleukin (IL)-4 and induce a B cell polyclonal activation that is responsible for autoimmune disease. In Brown Norway rats, HgCl2 triggers early IL-4 mRNA expression both in vivo and in vitro by T cells, which may explain why(More)
Synthetic antigens have been shown, in experimental models, to induce protective immunity against a variety of pathogens. These studies have demonstrated that, due to their low immunogenicity, these synthetic antigens required conjugation to carrier molecules. Therefore, the choice of appropriate carriers for human immunization by future synthetic vaccines(More)