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Research in bone tissue engineering is focused on the development of alternatives to allogenic and autologous bone grafts that can stimulate bone healing. Here, we present scaffolds composed of the natural hydrophilic polysaccharides pullulan and dextran, supplemented or not with nanocrystalline hydroxyapatite particles (nHA). In vitro studies revealed that(More)
In this study, we describe a novel in vitro reconstitution system for tracheal epithelium that could be useful for investigating the cellular and molecular interaction of epithelial and mesenchymal cells. In this system, a Transwell insert was used as a basement membrane on which adult bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) were cultured on the lower(More)
For bone tissue engineering, human Adipose Derived Stem Cells (hADSCs) are proposed to be associated with a scaffold for promoting bone regeneration. After implantation, cellularised scaffolds require a non-invasive method for monitoring their fate in vivo. The purpose of this study was to use Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)-based tracking of these cells,(More)
Therapeutic induction of angiogenesis is a potential treatment for chronic ischemia. Heparan sulfate proteoglycans are known to play an important role by their interactions with proangiogenic growth factors such as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). Low molecular weight fucoidan (LMWF), a sulfated polysaccharide from brown seaweeds that mimic some(More)
A hydrogel was prepared from polysaccharides (pullulan/dextran/fucoidan) and evaluated as a novel biomaterial for Endothelial Progenitor Cell (EPC) culture. Using a cross-linking process with sodium trimetaphosphate in aqueous solution, homogeneous, transparent and easy to handle gels were obtained with a water content higher than 90%. Circular scaffolds (6(More)
Biocompatible three-dimensional (3-D) porous scaffolds are of great interest for tissue engineering applications. We here present a novel combined freeze-drying/cross-linking process to prepare porous polysaccharide-based scaffolds. This process does not require an organic solvent or porogen agent. We unexpectedly found that cross-linking of(More)
Several studies have reported the benefits of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) for bone tissue engineering. However, vascularization remains one of the main obstacles that must be overcome to reconstruct large bone defects. In vitro prevascularization of the three-dimensional (3-D) constructs using co-cultures of human progenitor-derived endothelial cells(More)
PURPOSE We aimed to promote the efficacy of paclitaxel in intracavitary treatment of superficial transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder by designing bio-adhesive microspheres capable of achieving controlled release of the drug at the urothelium/urine interface. MATERIALS AND METHODS Poly(methylidene malonate 2.1.2) microspheres encapsulating(More)
STUDY DESIGN To evaluate the in vitro interactions between human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and degenerative disc cells. OBJECTIVES To demonstrate the potential of MSCs in regulating the extracellular matrix synthesis of degenerative disc cells. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Culture of degenerative disc cells followed by their reinsertion into a disc(More)
Human ECFCs contribute to vascular repair. For this reason, they are considered as valuable cell therapy products in ischemic diseases. Porous scaffolds are prepared that are composed of natural polysaccharides, pullulan and dextran, by chemical crosslinking without use of organic solvents. These porous scaffolds, which have pores with an average size of 42(More)