Catherine L Winchester

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Current treatments of schizophrenia are compromised by their inability to treat all symptoms of the disease and their side-effects. Whilst existing antipsychotic drugs are effective against positive symptoms, they have negligible efficacy against the prefrontal cortex (PFC)-associated cognitive deficits and negative symptoms. New models that reproduce core(More)
Although our knowledge of the pathophysiology of schizophrenia has increased, treatments for this devastating illness remain inadequate. Here, we critically assess rodent models and behavioural end points used in schizophrenia drug discovery and discuss why these have not led to improved treatments. We provide a perspective on how new models, based on(More)
Myotonic dystrophy (DM) is associated with a (CTG)n trinucleotide repeat expansion in the 3'-untranslated region of a protein kinase-encoding gene, DMPK, which maps to chromosome 19q13.3. Characterisation of the expression of this gene in patient tissues has thus far generated conflicting data on alterations in the steady state levels of DMPK mRNA, and on(More)
Schizophrenia is a debilitating psychiatric disease with a strong genetic contribution, potentially linked to altered glutamatergic function in brain regions such as the prefrontal cortex (PFC). Here, we report converging evidence to support a functional candidate gene for schizophrenia. In post-mortem PFC from patients with schizophrenia, we detected(More)
Considerable evidence implicates DISC1 as a susceptibility gene for multiple psychiatric diseases. DISC1 has been intensively studied at the molecular, cellular and behavioral level, but its role in regulating brain connectivity and brain network function remains unknown. Here, we utilize a set of complementary approaches to assess the functional brain(More)
Vertebrate genes with sequence similarity to the Drosophila homeobox gene, sine oculis (so), constitute the SIX family. There is notable expression of members of this family in anterior neural structures, and several SIX genes have been shown to play roles in vertebrate and insect development, or have been implicated in maintenance of the differentiated(More)
SIX5 (previously known as myotonic dystrophy associated homeodomain protein - DMAHP ) is a member of the SIX [ sine oculis homeobox (Drosophila ) homologue ] gene family which encodes proteins containing a SIX domain adjacent to a homeo-domain. To investigate the DNA binding specificities of these two domains in SIX5, they were expressed as GST fusion(More)
The pathogenic mechanisms underlying myotonic dystrophy (DM), which results from a (CTG) n repeat expansion mutation in the 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR) of the myotonic dystrophy protein kinase gene ( DMPK ), remain obscure. The multisystemic nature and variable expressivity of the symptoms are unlikely to be explained by a defect in this gene alone.(More)
Despite intensive research over many years, the treatment of schizophrenia remains a major health issue. Current and emerging treatments for schizophrenia are based upon the classical dopamine and glutamate hypotheses of disease. Existing first and second generation antipsychotic drugs based upon the dopamine hypothesis are limited by their inability to(More)