Catherine Koukoulitsa

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The antibacterial and antifungal activities of an ample number of phenolic compounds isolated from Quercus ilex leaves, belonging to the classes of flavonoids, proanthocyanidins, and phenolic acids, are discussed. The isolation of A type proanthocyanidin, (+)-epigallocatechin-(2β→O→7, 4β→8)-(+)-catechin is reported for the first time. Its structure was(More)
A series of symmetrically bis-substituted imidazole analogs bearing at the N-1 and N-3 two biphenyl moieties ortho substituted either with tetrazole or carboxylate functional groups was designed based on docking studies and utilizing for the first time an extra hydrophobic binding cleft of AT1 receptor. The synthesized analogs were evaluated for their in(More)
Five polar constituents of Origanum vulgare L. ssp. hirtum were investigated for their ability to inhibit aldose reductase (ALR2), the first enzyme of the polyol pathway implicated in the secondary complications of diabetes. The most active compound was found to be lithospermic acid B. Caffeic acid was inactive as it showed no inhibitory activity against(More)
Aldose reductase (ALR2) of the polyol metabolic pathway is a target enzyme for the treatment of diabetic complications. A variety of synthetic and natural compounds have been observed to inhibit aldose reductase. Among them, rosmarinic acid has been shown to be in vitro an aldose reductase inhibitor in a micromolar range. In this study, two nitro(More)
From the polar extracts of Origanum vulgare L. ssp. hirtum 19 compounds have been isolated. The structures and relative stereochemistry have been elucidated by spectroscopic analysis and determined as apigenin, luteolin, chrysoeriol, diosmetin, quercetin, eriodictyol, cosmoside, vicenin-2, caffeic acid, p-menth-3-ene-1,2-diol 1-O-beta-glucopyranoside,(More)
In previous studies it was shown that cannabinoids (CBs) bearing a phenolic hydroxyl group modify the thermal properties of lipid bilayers more significantly than methylated congeners. These distinct differential properties were attributed to the fact that phenolic hydroxyl groups constitute an anchoring group in the vicinity of the head-group, while the(More)
It has been reported that beta amyloid induces production of radical oxygen species and oxidative stress in neuronal cells, which in turn upregulates β-secretase (BACE-1) expression and beta amyloid levels, thereby propagating oxidative stress and increasing neuronal injury. A series of resveratrol derivatives, known to be inhibitors of oxidative(More)
Rational design is applied in the discovery of novel lead drugs. Its rapid development is mainly attributed to the tremendous advancements in the computer science, statistics, molecular biology, biophysics, biochemistry, medicinal chemistry, pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics experienced in the last few decades. The promising feature that characterizes(More)
Diterpen labd-13(E)-ene-8a,15-diol (1) is a natural product found to possess potential cytotoxic and cytostatic effects against human cancer cell lines. Adenylyl cyclases (ACs) are promising pharmacological targets for treating heart failure, cancer, and psychosis. It has been demonstrated that forskolin is a potent adenylyl cyclase activator. Labdane 1(More)
When X-ray structure of a ligand-bound receptor is not available, homology models of the protein of interest can be used to obtain the ligand-binding cavities. The steroelectronic properties of these cavities are directly related to the performed molecular model coordinates. Thus, the use of different template structures for homology may result in variation(More)