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Marbling is an important criterion for beef quality grading in many countries. The purpose of the current study was to utilize the natural genetic variation to identify major metabolic indicators of marbling in cattle differing in genotypes. Rectus abdominis (RA, oxidative), semitendinosus (glycolytic), and longissimus thoracis (LT, oxido-glycolytic)(More)
The classification of bovine muscle fibres is of particular interest for the food industry because meat tenderness depends in part on the proportion of the different types of fibres. It is, therefore, important to define reliable methods for classifying fibre types. There are several classification systems. One is based on contractile type alone, as(More)
Myogenesis is a complex process of which the underlying mechanisms are conserved between species, including birds and mammals. Despite a good understanding of the stages of myogenesis, many of the mechanisms involved in the regulation of proliferation of the successive myoblast generations, the cellular transitions cell proliferation/alignment of(More)
Intramuscular fat (IMF) content plays a key role in various quality traits of meat. IMF content varies between species, between breeds and between muscle types in the same breed. Other factors are involved in the variation of IMF content in animals, including gender, age and feeding. Variability in IMF content is mainly linked to the number and size of(More)
This study concerns the definition of the optimum conditions for separation of adult and developmental myosin heavy chain (MHC) isoforms in bovine muscle. The various techniques published do not result in good separation of the MHC in this species. The trials carried out concerned the concentration of acrylamide and N, N'-methylene-bis-acrylamide, and more(More)
Genetic selection in favor of muscle growth at the expense of fat should affect characteristics of muscles, and therefore beef quality. This study was conducted with two extreme groups of six animals selected among 64 Charolais young bulls ranked according to their genetic potential for muscle growth. Muscle characteristics were assessed in Rectus abdominis(More)
The pattern of expression of different types of myosin and the development of different muscle cell populations were studied in the semitendinosus muscle of cattle from 39 d of gestation to 30 d of post-natal life. Monoclonal antibodies specific to different myosin heavy chains were used. Two cell generations were identified during myogenesis. They appeared(More)
The effect of the type of diet (hay vs grass silage) on body composition and characteristics and palatability of semitendinosus (ST) and longissimus thoracis (LT) muscles of 16 month old Salers bulls fed at the same energy levels were studied. Animals fed hay had a lower daily weight gain and carcass weight and were leaner. There were no significant(More)
The influence of the type of housing (loose or tying-type) was studied in relation to body composition and muscular characteristics of bulls. 34 young bulls (18 Salers and 16 Limousins) were divided into two groups with equal breed representation and equal mean growth rates, to 10 months of age. One group was housed in tying-type housing (short stalls(More)
An important controversy in the relationship between beef tenderness and muscle characteristics including biochemical traits exists among meat researchers. The aim of this study is to explain variability in meat tenderness using muscle characteristics and biochemical traits available in the Integrated and Functional Biology of Beef (BIF-Beef) database. The(More)