Catherine J. Pears

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Poly adenosine diphosphate (ADP)-ribosylation (PARylation) by poly ADP-ribose (PAR) polymerases (PARPs) is an early response to DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs). In this paper, we exploit Dictyostelium discoideum to uncover a novel role for PARylation in regulating nonhomologous end joining (NHEJ). PARylation occurred at single-strand breaks, and two PARPs,(More)
DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) can be repaired by either homologous recombination (HR) or nonhomologous end-joining (NHEJ). In vertebrates, the first step in NHEJ is recruitment of the DNA-dependent protein kinase (DNA-PK) to DNA termini. DNA-PK consists of a catalytic subunit (DNA-PKcs) that is recruited to DNA ends by the Ku70/Ku80 heterodimer. Although(More)
BACKGROUND Cdk8 and its partner cyclin C form part of the mediator complex which links the basal transcription machinery to regulatory proteins. The pair are required for correct regulation of a subset of genes and have been implicated in control of development in a number of organisms including the social amoeba Dictyostelium discoideum. When feeding,(More)
BACKGROUND Increasing evidence suggests that individual isoforms of protein kinase C (PKC) play distinct roles in regulating platelet activation. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS In this study, we focus on the role of two novel PKC isoforms, PKCdelta and PKCepsilon, in both mouse and human platelets. PKCdelta is robustly expressed in human platelets and(More)
Protein kinase C (PKC) is a family of serine/threonine kinases that play isoform-specific inhibitory and stimulatory roles in platelet activation. We show here that the pan-PKC inhibitor Ro31-8220 can be used to dissect these events following platelet activation by ADP. Submaximal concentrations of Ro31-8220 potentiated aggregation and dense granule(More)
Dynamic acetylation of all lysine-4-trimethylated histone H3 is a complex phenomenon involved in Immediate-early gene induction in metazoan eukaryotes. Higher eukaryotes express repeated copies of three closely related H3 variants, inaccessible to genetic analysis. We demonstrate conservation of these phenomena in Dictyostelium which has three single-copy(More)
BACKGROUND Cdk8 is a component of the mediator complex which facilitates transcription by RNA polymerase II and has been shown to play an important role in development of Dictyostelium discoideum. This eukaryote feeds as single cells but starvation triggers the formation of a multicellular organism in response to extracellular pulses of cAMP and the(More)
BACKGROUND In comparison to the classical isoforms of protein kinase C (PKC), the novel isoforms are thought to play minor or inhibitory roles in the regulation of platelet activation and thrombosis. OBJECTIVES To measure the levels of PKCθ and PKCε and to investigate the phenotype of mice deficient in both novel PKC isoforms. METHODS Tail bleeding and(More)
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