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Axon-derived molecules are temporally and spatially required as positive or negative signals to coordinate oligodendrocyte differentiation. Increasing evidence suggests that, in addition to the inhibitory Jagged1/Notch1 signaling cascade, other pathways act via Notch to mediate oligodendrocyte differentiation. The GPI-linked neural cell recognition molecule(More)
Apical dendrites of pyramidal neurons in the neocortex have a stereotypic orientation that is important for neuronal function. Neural recognition molecule Close Homolog of L1 (CHL1) has been shown to regulate oriented growth of apical dendrites in the mouse caudal cortex. Here we show that CHL1 directly associates with NB-3, a member of the F3/contactin(More)
We demonstrate here that Chinese hamster ovary cells stably expressing PRL-3, a M(r) 20000 prenylated protein tyrosine phosphatase, or its relative, PRL-1, exhibit enhanced motility and invasive activity. A catalytically inactive PRL-3 mutant has significantly reduced migration-promoting activity. We observe that PRL-3 is associated with diverse membrane(More)
Calcineurin possesses phosphatase activity towards both protein (Stewart, A.A., Ingebritsen , T.S., Manalan , A., Klee , C.B., and Cohen, P. (1982) FEBS Lett. 137, 80-84) and nonprotein substrates ( Pallen , C.J., and Wang, J.H. (1983) J. Biol. Chem. 258, 8550-8553). These phosphatase activities are divalent cation-dependent and stimulated by calmodulin. We(More)
Akt/PKB is a serine/threonine kinase that promotes tumor cell growth by phosphorylating transcription factors and cell cycle proteins. There is particular interest in finding tumor-specific substrates for Akt to understand how this protein functions in cancer and to provide new avenues for therapeutic targeting. Our laboratory sought to identify novel Akt(More)
We report Nogo-A as an oligodendroglial component congregating and interacting with the Caspr-F3 complex at paranodes. However, its receptor Nogo-66 receptor (NgR) does not segregate to specific axonal domains. CHO cells cotransfected with Caspr and F3, but not with F3 alone, bound specifically to substrates coated with Nogo-66 peptide and GST-Nogo-66.(More)
A role for the receptor-like protein tyrosine phosphatase alpha (PTPalpha) in regulating the kinase activity of Src family members has been proposed because ectopic expression of PTPalpha enhances the dephosphorylation and activation of Src and Fyn [1] [2] [3]. We have generated mice lacking catalytically active PTPalpha to address the question of whether(More)
Signals from fibronectin-binding integrins promote neural crest cell motility during development in part through protein-tyrosine kinase (PTK) activation. Neuroblastoma (NB) is a neural crest malignancy with high metastatic potential. We find that alpha4 and alpha5 integrins are present in late-stage NB tumors and cell lines derived thereof. To determine(More)
Mice lacking protein tyrosine phosphatase alpha (PTPalpha) exhibited defects in NMDA receptor (NMDAR)-associated processes such as learning and memory, hippocampal neuron migration, and CA1 hippocampal long-term potentiation (LTP). In vivo molecular effectors linking PTPalpha and the NMDAR have not been reported. Thus the involvement of PTPalpha as an(More)
A role for the receptor protein tyrosine phosphatase alpha (PTPalpha) in immune cell function and regulation of Src family kinases was investigated using thymocytes from PTPalpha-deficient mice. PTPalpha-null thymocytes develop normally, but unstimulated PTPalpha-/- cells exhibit increased tyrosine phosphorylation of specific proteins, increased Fyn(More)