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We demonstrate here that Chinese hamster ovary cells stably expressing PRL-3, a M(r) 20000 prenylated protein tyrosine phosphatase, or its relative, PRL-1, exhibit enhanced motility and invasive activity. A catalytically inactive PRL-3 mutant has significantly reduced migration-promoting activity. We observe that PRL-3 is associated with diverse membrane(More)
Axon-derived molecules are temporally and spatially required as positive or negative signals to coordinate oligodendrocyte differentiation. Increasing evidence suggests that, in addition to the inhibitory Jagged1/Notch1 signaling cascade, other pathways act via Notch to mediate oligodendrocyte differentiation. The GPI-linked neural cell recognition molecule(More)
Calcineurin possesses phosphatase activity towards both protein (Stewart, A.A., Ingebritsen , T.S., Manalan , A., Klee , C.B., and Cohen, P. (1982) FEBS Lett. 137, 80-84) and nonprotein substrates ( Pallen , C.J., and Wang, J.H. (1983) J. Biol. Chem. 258, 8550-8553). These phosphatase activities are divalent cation-dependent and stimulated by calmodulin. We(More)
PRL-1, -2, and -3 represent a novel class of protein-tyrosine phosphatase with a C-terminal prenylation motif. Although PRL-1 has been suggested to be associated with the nucleus, the presence of three highly homologous members and the existence of a prenylation motif call for a more detailed examination of their subcellular localization. In the present(More)
Apical dendrites of pyramidal neurons in the neocortex have a stereotypic orientation that is important for neuronal function. Neural recognition molecule Close Homolog of L1 (CHL1) has been shown to regulate oriented growth of apical dendrites in the mouse caudal cortex. Here we show that CHL1 directly associates with NB-3, a member of the F3/contactin(More)
Akt/PKB is a serine/threonine kinase that promotes tumor cell growth by phosphorylating transcription factors and cell cycle proteins. There is particular interest in finding tumor-specific substrates for Akt to understand how this protein functions in cancer and to provide new avenues for therapeutic targeting. Our laboratory sought to identify novel Akt(More)
The kinase activity of pp60c-src is specifically and transiently increased during mitosis and repressed during interphase. Loss of cell-cycle control of pp60c-src occurs on mutation of Tyr527 to Phe or when pp60c-src is associated with polyoma middle-T-antigen, and these conditions result in cell transformation or tumorigenesis. In both cases, pp60c-src has(More)
Calcineurin, a calmodulin-binding protein from brain, has been shown to possess a metal ion-dependent and calmodulin-stimulated phosphatase activity towards phosphorylase kinase and inhibitor-1 (Stewart, A. A., Ingebritsen, T. S., Manalan, A., Klee, C. B., and Cohen, P. (1982) FEBS Lett. 137, 80-84). In this report, we show that calcineurin can also(More)
This review summarizes current knowledge concerning structure-function, substrate specificity, localization, and regulatory properties of calcineurin. Calcineurin is composed of two nonidentical subunits, one of which is responsible for catalytic activity and calmodulin binding while the other subunit contains four high-affinity Ca2+-binding sites. The(More)
A role for the receptor-like protein tyrosine phosphatase alpha (PTPalpha) in regulating the kinase activity of Src family members has been proposed because ectopic expression of PTPalpha enhances the dephosphorylation and activation of Src and Fyn [1] [2] [3]. We have generated mice lacking catalytically active PTPalpha to address the question of whether(More)