Catherine J. Pallen

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Apical dendrites of pyramidal neurons in the neocortex have a stereotypic orientation that is important for neuronal function. Neural recognition molecule Close Homolog of L1 (CHL1) has been shown to regulate oriented growth of apical dendrites in the mouse caudal cortex. Here we show that CHL1 directly associates with NB-3, a member of the F3/contactin(More)
Axon-derived molecules are temporally and spatially required as positive or negative signals to coordinate oligodendrocyte differentiation. Increasing evidence suggests that, in addition to the inhibitory Jagged1/Notch1 signaling cascade, other pathways act via Notch to mediate oligodendrocyte differentiation. The GPI-linked neural cell recognition molecule(More)
Mice lacking protein tyrosine phosphatase alpha (PTPalpha) exhibited defects in NMDA receptor (NMDAR)-associated processes such as learning and memory, hippocampal neuron migration, and CA1 hippocampal long-term potentiation (LTP). In vivo molecular effectors linking PTPalpha and the NMDAR have not been reported. Thus the involvement of PTPalpha as an(More)
A role for the receptor-like protein tyrosine phosphatase alpha (PTPalpha) in regulating the kinase activity of Src family members has been proposed because ectopic expression of PTPalpha enhances the dephosphorylation and activation of Src and Fyn [1] [2] [3]. We have generated mice lacking catalytically active PTPalpha to address the question of whether(More)
Glycosyl phosphatidylinositol (GPI)–linked receptors and receptor protein tyrosine phosphatases (RPTPs), both play key roles in nervous system development , although the molecular mechanisms are largely unknown. Despite lacking a transmembrane domain , GPI receptors can recruit intracellular src family tyrosine kinases to receptor complexes. Few ligands for(More)
The kinase activity of pp60c-src is specifically and transiently increased during mitosis and repressed during interphase. Loss of cell-cycle control of pp60c-src occurs on mutation of Tyr527 to Phe or when pp60c-src is associated with polyoma middle-T-antigen, and these conditions result in cell transformation or tumorigenesis. In both cases, pp60c-src has(More)
Glycosyl phosphatidylinositol (GPI)-linked receptors and receptor protein tyrosine phosphatases (RPTPs), both play key roles in nervous system development, although the molecular mechanisms are largely unknown. Despite lacking a transmembrane domain, GPI receptors can recruit intracellular src family tyrosine kinases to receptor complexes. Few ligands for(More)
We report Nogo-A as an oligodendroglial component congregating and interacting with the Caspr-F3 complex at paranodes. However, its receptor Nogo-66 receptor (NgR) does not segregate to specific axonal domains. CHO cells cotransfected with Caspr and F3, but not with F3 alone, bound specifically to substrates coated with Nogo-66 peptide and GST-Nogo-66.(More)
We investigated the molecular and cellular actions of receptor protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) alpha in integrin signaling using immortalized fibroblasts derived from wild-type and PTP alpha-deficient mouse embryos. Defects in PTP alpha-/- migration in a wound healing assay were associated with altered cell shape and focal adhesion kinase (FAK)(More)
Receptor PTPalpha is a widely expressed transmembrane enzyme enriched in brain. PTPalpha knockout (PTPalpha(-/-)) mice are viable and display no gross abnormalities. Brain and embryo derived fibroblast src and fyn activity is reduced to <50% in PTPalpha(-/-) mice. These protein kinases are implicated in multiple aspects of neuronal development and function.(More)