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The small heat shock proteins (sHsps) from human (Hsp27) and mouse (Hsp25) form large oligomers which can act as molecular chaperones in vitro and protect cells from heat shock and oxidative stress when overexpressed. In addition, mammalian sHsps are rapidly phosphorylated by MAPKAP kinase 2/3 at two or three serine residues in response to various(More)
We previously showed that Hsp27 protects against apoptosis through its interaction with cytosolic cytochrome c. We have revisited this protective activity in murine cell lines expressing different levels of Hsp27. We report that Hsp27 also interferes, in a manner dependent on level of expression, with the release of cytochrome c from mitochondria. Moreover,(More)
HSP27 form oligomeric structures up to 800 Kda. In cultured cells, the equilibrium between small and large oligomers shifted towards smaller oligomers when phosphorylated on serine residues. To further explore HSP27 structural organization and its repercussion in HSP27 antiapoptotic and tumorigenic properties, we transfected colon cancer REG cells with wild(More)
The protective activity of small stress proteins (sHsp) against H2O2-mediated cell death in the highly sensitive murine L929 fibroblast has been analyzed. We report here that the human Hsp27- and murine Hsp25-mediated rise in glutathione (GSH) levels as well as the maintenance of this redox modulator in its reduced form was directly responsible for the(More)
Small heat shock proteins are a rather heterogeneous family of ATP-independent chaperones, some of which have been proven to block protein aggregation and help the cells to survive stressful conditions. Although much less studied than high molecular weight HSPs like HSP70/HSPA or HSP90/HSPC, their implication in physio-pathological processes and human(More)
Myogenic differentiation requires the coordination between permanent cell cycle withdrawal, mediated by members of the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor (CKI) family, and activation of a cascade of myogenic transcription factors, particularly MYOGENIN (MYOG). Recently, it has been reported that the Protein aRginine Methyl Transferase PRMT5 modulates the(More)
Human HspB1 (also denoted Hsp27) is an oligomeric anti-apoptotic protein that has tumorigenic and metastatic roles. To approach the structural organizations of HspB1 that are active in response to apoptosis inducers acting through different pathways, we have analyzed the relative protective efficiency induced by this protein as well its localization,(More)
Suppressors of cytokine signalling (SOCS) represent a newly discovered family of molecules that seem to play an important role in the shutting off of cytokine and possibly peptide hormone action. Thus, understanding the mechanisms controlling their expression is of cardinal importance. In the present study, we have cloned the rat SOCS-3 gene and analyzed(More)
Several nalB-type multidrug-resistant mutants of Pseudomonas aeruginosa overexpressed MexAB-OprM and carried mutations in the local regulatory gene, mexR. Others, dubbed nalC types, carried mutations elsewhere and overexpressed MexAB-OprM less extensively than the nalB strains. Available evidence showed that MexR acted solely as repressor. Disruption of the(More)
E4F is a ubiquitously expressed GLI-Krüppel-related transcription factor which has been identified for its capacity to regulate transcription of the adenovirus E4 gene in response to E1A. However, cellular genes regulated by E4F are still unknown. Some of these genes are likely to be involved in cell cycle progression since ectopic p120E4F expression(More)