Catherine J. Morrison Paul

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Clostridium botulinum is a heterogeneous Gram-positive species that comprises four genetically and physiologically distinct groups of bacteria that share the ability to produce botulinum neurotoxin, the most poisonous toxin known to man, and the causative agent of botulism, a severe disease of humans and animals. We report here the complete genome sequence(More)
Since the late 1970s, there has been a shift in compensation and labour composition in favour of highly educated workers. A number of recent papers have identified trade, technology, and outsourcing as possible “causes” of these changes. Most of these studies have been based on a simple production or cost function framework and limited information on(More)
Proteolytic Clostridium botulinum is the causative agent of botulism, a severe neuroparalytic illness. Given the severity of botulism, surprisingly little is known of the population structure, biology, phylogeny or evolution of C. botulinum. The recent determination of the genome sequence of C. botulinum has allowed comparative genomic indexing using a DNA(More)
Several nalB-type multidrug-resistant mutants of Pseudomonas aeruginosa overexpressed MexAB-OprM and carried mutations in the local regulatory gene, mexR. Others, dubbed nalC types, carried mutations elsewhere and overexpressed MexAB-OprM less extensively than the nalB strains. Available evidence showed that MexR acted solely as repressor. Disruption of the(More)
The structural transformation of agriculture in recent decades has raised serious concerns about the future of the family farm. This study examines the economic performance of U.S. farms, to explore the potential of smaller farms to compete with larger entities, and ultimately to survive in this rapidly changing environment. We use deterministic and(More)
Strains of Clostridium botulinum are traditionally identified by botulinum neurotoxin type; however, identification of an additional target for typing would improve differentiation. Isolation of flagellar filaments and analysis by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) showed that C. botulinum produced multiple flagellin(More)
Pediococcus parvulus 2.6 (previously Pediococcus damnosus 2.6, here confirmed as P. parvulus by 16S DNA sequencing) displayed antibacterial activity toward several bacterial species, including isolates found as contaminants in oats, herein genetically identified as Bacillus cereus. No inhibition of Listeria monocytogenes was found under the conditions used.(More)
Flagellins from Clostridium botulinum were shown to be post-translationally modified with novel glycan moieties by top-down MS analysis of purified flagellin protein from strains of various toxin serotypes. Detailed analyses of flagellin from two strains of C. botulinum demonstrated that the protein is modified by a novel glycan moiety of mass 417 Da in(More)
We examine the causal effects of alternative foreign technology transfer channels on the productivity of Turkish manufacturing plants, using propensity score matching techniques that limit implicit assumptions about plant homogeneity and self selection imbedded in standard estimates of such effects. We find positive impacts of technology transfer through(More)