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Clustering of cardiometabolic risk factors can occur during childhood and predisposes individuals to cardiometabolic disease. This study calculated clustered cardiometabolic risk in 100 children and adolescents aged 10–14 years (59 girls) and explored differences according to cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) levels and time spent at different physical(More)
The aim of this study was to compare biofilm accumulation and heterotrophic bacterial diversity on three pipe materials-cast iron, medium density polyethylene (MDPE), and unplasticised polyvinyl chloride (uPVC) - using a laboratory model system run over a short period (21 d) and a longer period (7 months). Newly Modified Robbins Devices (nMRD) were run in(More)
This study investigated the effects of continuous moderate-intensity exercise (MIE) and high-intensity interval exercise (HIIE) in combination with short exposure to hypoxia on appetite and plasma concentrations of acylated ghrelin, peptide YY (PYY), and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1). Twelve healthy males completed four, 2.6 h trials in a random order:(More)
This study was designed to compare the tracheal intubating conditions during a rapid sequence induction of anaesthesia using rocuronium 0.6 (n = 61) or 1.0 mg.kg-1 (n = 130) or suxamethonium 1.0 mg.kg-1 (n = 127) as the neuromuscular blocking drugs. Anaesthesia was induced with fentanyl 1-2 micrograms.kg-1 and thiopentone 5 mg.kg-1 (median dose) and(More)
This study was undertaken to investigate the association among BMI and lipid hydroperoxide (LH), total antioxidant status (TAS), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and reduced glutathione (GSH). Ninety (n = 90) healthy males and females (n = 23/67) (29 normal weight (BMI: 22.74 +/- 0.25 kg/m(2)), 36 overweight (BMI: 27.18 +/- 0.23 kg/m(2)), and 25 obese (33.78 +/-(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether the hypertriglyceridemic waist (HW) phenotype and waist-to-height ratio (WHTR) are associated with cardiometabolic disorders in children and adolescents. STUDY DESIGN This was a cross-sectional design study. Anthropometry, biochemical variables, and cardiorespiratory fitness were assessed in 234 participants (122 girls)(More)
The school day offers several different time periods that provide varying opportunities for sedentary time (SED) and engagement in physical activity (PA), yet little is known about the PA and sedentary behaviour patterns of boys and girls during these times. The volume, intensity and temporal distributions of SED and PA undertaken by 135 schoolchildren aged(More)
Both obesity and acute high-intensity exercise increase oxidant stress levels. This study investigates whether selenium (Se) supplementation could be a potential effective therapy to reduce obesity-associated oxidant stress and exercise-induced oxidant stress. Ten normal-weight (NW) (22.80 ± 0.41 kg/m(2)) and ten overweight (OW) healthy subjects (28.00 ±(More)
BACKGROUND Sedentary behaviour is a major risk factor for developing chronic diseases and is associated with low cardiorespiratory fitness in adults. It remains unclear how sedentary behaviour and different physical activity subcomponents are related to cardiorespiratory fitness in children. The purpose of this study was to assess how sedentary behaviour(More)
Neuromuscular blocking drugs exhibit different degrees of fade in response to train-of-four stimulation believed to represent their relative prejunctional effects. The present study was designed to compare the train-of-four fade after cisatracurium and compare this with other commonly used muscle relaxants. Train-of-four fade during onset and recovery of(More)