Catherine J Clark

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Tryptophan is metabolised primarily along the kynurenine pathway, of which two components are now known to have marked effects on neurons in the central nervous system. Quinolinic acid is an agonist at the population of glutamate receptors which are sensitive to N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA), and kynurenic acid is an antagonist at several glutamate receptors.(More)
C57BL/6J mice infected with Plasmodium berghei ANKA develop neurological dysfunction and die within 7 days of infection. We show that treatment of infected mice with a kynurenine-3-hydroxylase inhibitor prevents them from developing neurological symptoms and extends their life span threefold until severe anemia develops.
Cerebral malaria is a major pathological complication of Plasmodium falciparum infection in humans. Epidemiological observations have suggested that the clinical evolution of P. falciparum infections may be influenced by the concurrent presence of another Plasmodium species. Infection of susceptible mouse strains with P. berghei ANKA (PbA) provides an(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE A variety of outcome measures are used in evaluating disease activity and therapeutic efficacy in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) studies, and this makes comparisons of drug efficacy difficult. Some of the endpoints used are not standardized and/or are insensitive to change. The purpose of this report is to present a critical appraisal of(More)
Nuclear magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and complementary analytical techniques were used to examine tissue structure and developmental changes occurring during active growth in the root tuber of ZANTEDESCHIA: Spreng. cv. Chianti, a commercially significant cut flower. Plants were observed during the period of leaf senescence and tuberization at the end of(More)
Stimulation of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors is believed to underlie long-term memory formation, and excessive NMDA receptor activation has been linked to several neuropathological conditions. Phosphorylation and activation of p42/44 mitogen-activated protein kinase (ERK) is believed to mediate many of these effects, but the downstream targets of(More)
Activated extracellular-signal-regulated kinase (Erk) phosphorylates and activates downstream kinases including ribosomal S6 kinase 2 (Rsk2/RPS6KA3) and mitogen- and stress-activated kinase 1 (Msk1, RPS6KA5). Rsk2 plays an important role in neuronal plasticity, as patients with Coffin-Lowry syndrome, where Rsk2 is dysfunctional, have impaired cognitive(More)
Fatal murine cerebral malaria is an encephalitis and not simply a local manifestation in the brain of a systemic process. Histopathologically, murine cerebral malaria has been characterized by monocyte adherence to the endothelium of the microvasculature, activation of microglial cells, swelling of endothelial cell nuclei, microvasculature damage, and(More)
Spleen tyrosine kinase (Syk) is involved in the activation of cells implicated in allergic or autoimmune diseases and certain cancers. Therefore, Syk inhibitors may prove to be effective in treating diseases where Syk activity or expression is increased or deregulated. We developed a continuous and direct (noncoupled) fluorescence intensity assay for(More)