Catherine H. Wu

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We present, here, evidence that foreign DNA can be specifically delivered to cells by a soluble carrier system that takes advantage of receptor-mediated endocytosis. Our experiments were based on the following concepts: hepatocytes possess a unique receptor that binds and internalizes galactose-terminal (asialo-)glycoproteins; DNA can bind to polycations in(More)
PURPOSE The objective of the study was to quantify in vitro the magnitude of atropine-resistant contractions using human detrusor samples and to determine the cellular processes underlying these contractions. MATERIALS AND METHODS Isometric contractile responses were measured in isolated strips of human detrusor muscle obtained from patients with i)(More)
BACKGROUND Thrombocytopenia frequently occurs early in the course of Gram-negative bacterial infections. Triflavin, an Arg-Gly-Asp-containing disintegrin, has been suggested to interfere with the interaction of fibrinogen with the glycoprotein IIb/IIIa complex. The present study was undertaken to determine whether triflavin could prevent thrombocytopenia in(More)
Proteins containing a RhoGAP (Rho GTPase activating protein) domain usually function to catalyze the hydrolysis of GTP that is bound to Rho, Rac and/or Cdc42, inactivating these regulators of the actin cytoskeleton. Using database searches, at least 53 distinct RhoGAP domain-containing proteins are likely to be encoded in human DNA. Phylogenetic analysis of(More)
Aminopyridines (2-AP, 3-AP, and 4-AP) selectively block K channels of squid axon membranes in a manner dependent upon the membrane potential and the duration and frequency of voltage clamp pulses. They are effective when applied to either the internal or the external membrane surface. The steady-state block of K channels by aminopyridines is more complete(More)
A soluble DNA carrier system was used to target a foreign gene specifically to liver in vivo via asialoglycoprotein receptors. The DNA carrier was prepared consisting of a galactose-terminal (asialo-)glycoprotein, asialoorosomucoid (AsOR), covalently linked to poly-L-lysine. The conjugate was complexed in a 2:1 molar ratio (based on AsOR content of the(More)
The Ca(2+)-regulating and electrophysiological properties of guinea-pig suburothelial myofibroblasts have been measured in order to investigate their potential role in the sensation of bladder fullness, due to their strategic position between the urothelium and afferent fibres. Previous work has shown that stretch of the bladder wall releases ATP. Cells(More)
Dysphagia is a late sequela compromising the lives of more than one fourth of patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) who survive long after radiotherapy. By using fiberoptic endoscopic examination of swallowing as a modality for dysphagia evaluation, we were able to easily recognize the functional and anatomic changes in 31 dysphagic NPC patients. The(More)
The present study describes the response of amoeboid and ramified microglial cells in the corpus callosum to intraperitoneal lipopolysaccharide injections in postnatal rats as examined by lectin histochemical staining and electron microscopy. In 1 day old rats receiving endotoxin injections and sacrificed at various time intervals, the lectin labelling of(More)
The morphometric and quantitative changes associated with the differentiation of amoeboid microglia into ramified microglial cells in the corpus callosum of rats between 21 d postconception (E21) and 15 d postnatally are described. Using lectin labelling, 5 morphological types of labelled cells (R, SP, KLP, TLP, AP) based on cell body shape, the(More)