Catherine H. Koo

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Amyloid beta-protein, the principal constituent of amyloid fibrils found in senile plaques and blood vessels in Alzheimer's disease, is constitutively produced and released into medium of cultured cells. Amyloid beta-protein is derived by proteolysis of the beta-amyloid precursor protein by unclear mechanisms. Beta-amyloid precursor protein is a(More)
The C6-sulfidopeptide leukotrienes C4 (LTC4) and D4 (LTD4) evoked increases in the cytosolic concentration of intracellular calcium ([Ca+2]i) in dimethylsulfoxide-differentiated HL-60 cells, as assessed by the fluorescence of quin-2. The increases in [Ca+2]i reached a peak within 15-90 s, attained 50% of the maximum level at 1.2 nM LTD4 and 60 nM LTC4, were(More)
The antioxidant efficacy of aspalatone (APT; acetyl salicylic acid maltol ester), a new antiplatelet agent, has been characterized in vivo as well as in vitro, and several observations indicated that the antioxidant could prevent the neuroexcitation caused by oxidative stress. In this report, the effect of APT was evaluated on kainic acid (KA)-induced(More)
Human blood polymorphonuclear (PMN) leucocytes and human leucocytes of the HL-60 line, which were induced to differentiate by 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3, express stereospecific receptors for the potent chemotactic mediator, leukotriene B4 (LTB4), that is derived by 5-lipoxygenation from arachidonic acid. Monoclonal antibodies to LTB4 receptors (LTB4-R) were(More)
The distinctive characteristics of human polymorphonuclear (PMN) leukocyte receptors for leukotriene B4 (LTB4) have been elucidated by studies of binding of [3H]LTB4, the structure of protein constituents of the receptors isolated from plasma membranes, and the effects of antireceptor antibodies. A high-affinity class of 4400 receptors with a KD of 0.4 nM(More)
The effects of leukotriene D4 on the intracellular pH of human myelocytes, derived from cultured HL-60 cells by dimethylsulfoxide-induced differentiation, were quantified with the fluorescent indicator 2',7'-bis-(2-carboxy-ethyl)-5,6-carboxyfluorescein. Leukotriene D4, but not C4 or E4, increased intracellular pH optimally by 3 min with a half-maximal(More)
Pretreatment of suspensions of human polymorphonuclear leucocytes (PMNL) with leukotriene B4 (LTB4) induces chemotactic deactivation, characterized by diminished expression of high-affinity LTB4 receptors and selectively decreased chemotactic responsiveness of the PMNL to LTB4. Rabbit anti-idiotypic antibodies (a-Id) to mouse monoclonal anti-LTB4, which(More)
The potent mediators generated by the 5- and 15-lipoxygenation of arachidonic acid have diverse effects on smooth muscles, blood vessels, leukocytes, epithelial cells and glands, and sensory neurons, which suggest possible roles in the initiation and regulation of physiological and biochemical events. The responses to leukotrienes and related mediators are(More)
Human polymorphonuclear (PMN) leucocytes bind synthetic [3H]-labelled leukotriene C4 ([3H]LTC4) with rapid saturation and reversibility of approximately 90%, by a 700-fold higher concentration of non-radioactive LTC4. [3H]LTC4 is recognized specifically by 10,778 +/- 6260 (mean +/- SD) sites per PMN leucocyte that exhibit a KD of 34.3 +/- 1.7 nM. The(More)
Rabbit anti-idiotypic IgG antibodies to the combining site of a mouse monoclonal IgG2b antibody to leukotriene B4 (LTB4) cross-reacted with human polymorphonuclear (PMN) leukocyte receptors for LTB4. Anti-idiotypic IgG and Fab both inhibited the binding of [3H]LTB4, but not [3H]N-formylmethionyl-leucylphenylalanine (fMLP), to PMN leukocytes with similar(More)