Catherine Grosdemange-Billiard

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In plants, two pathways are utilized for the synthesis of isopentenyl diphosphate, the universal precursor for isoprenoid biosynthesis. The key enzyme of the cytoplasmic mevalonic acid (MVA) pathway is 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase (HMGR). Treatment of Tobacco Bright Yellow-2 (TBY-2) cells by the HMGR-specific inhibitor mevinolin led to(More)
In the bacterium Escherichia coli, the mevalonic-acid (MVA)-independent 2-C-methyl-d-erythritol 4-phosphate (MEP) pathway is characterized by two branches leading separately to isopentenyl diphosphate (IPP) and dimethylallyl diphosphate (DMAPP). The signature of this branching is the retention of deuterium in DMAPP and the deuterium loss in IPP after(More)
The 1-deoxyxylulose 5-phosphate reductoisomerase (DXR, EC catalyzes the conversion of 1-deoxy-d-xylulose 5-phosphate (DXP) into 2-C-methyl-d-erythritol 4-phosphate (MEP). This transformation is a two-step process involving a rearrangement of DXP into the putative intermediate 2-C-methyl-d-erythrose 4-phosphate followed by a NADPH-dependent(More)
An alternative mevalonate-independent pathway for isoprenoid biosynthesis has been recently discovered in eubacteria (including Escherichia coli) and plant plastids, although it is not fully elucidated yet. In this work, E. coli cells were engineered to utilize exogenously provided mevalonate and used to demonstrate by a genetic approach that branching of(More)
Isoprenoid biosynthesis via the methylerythritol phosphate pathway is a target against pathogenic bacteria and the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum. 4-(Hydroxyamino)-4-oxobutylphosphonic acid and 4-[hydroxy(methyl)amino]-4-oxobutyl phosphonic acid, two novel inhibitors of DXR (1-deoxy-D-xylulose 5-phosphate reducto-isomerase), the second enzyme of the(More)
The mevalonate-independent methylerythritol phosphate pathway is a long overlooked metabolic pathway for isoprenoid biosynthesis. It is present in most bacteria, including pathogens and opportunistic pathogens, in some unicellular eukaryotes, including the parasite responsible for malaria, and in the chloroplasts of all phototrophic organisms. It represents(More)
A novel, mild, and efficient method was described to introduce a dibenzyl phosphate by ring opening of benzylglycidol mediated by Lewis acids. This methodology was used as a key step for synthesizing the dihydroxyacetone phosphate (DHAP) in only three steps with an overall yield of 74% from the commercially available racemic benzylglycidol.
(3,4)-3,4-Dihydroxy-5-oxohexylphosphonic acid, an isosteric analogue of 1-deoxy-D-xylulose 5-phosphate (DXP), was obtained in enantiomerically pure form from (+)-2,3--benzylidene--threitol by a seven-step sequence. This phosphonate did not affect the growth of. It did not inhibit the 1-deoxy-D-xylulose 5-phosphate reductoisomerase (DXR), but was converted(More)
Activation of V gamma 9/V delta 2 T cells by small nonprotein Ags is frequently observed after infection with various viruses, bacteria, and eukaryotic parasites. We suggested earlier that compounds synthesized by the 2-C:-methyl-D-erythritol 4-phosphate (MEP) pathway of isopentenyl pyrophosphate synthesis are responsible for the V gamma 9/V delta 2 T cell(More)
Fosmidomycin and its analogue FR-900098 are potent inhibitors of 1-deoxy-d-xylulose 5-phosphate reducto-isomerase (DXR), the second enzyme of the MEP pathway for the biosynthesis of isoprenoids. This paper describes the synthesis of analogues of the two reverse phosphonohydroxamic acids 3 and 4, in which the length of the carbon spacer is modified, the(More)