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Although Electroencephalography (EEG) source localization is being widely used in adults, this promising technique has not yet been applied to newborns because of technical difficulties, such as lack of data concerning the newborn skull conductivity, thickness, and homogeneity. Using a new type of EEG headcap molded on each baby's head, we aimed to(More)
Commonly used brain templates are based on adults' or children's brains. In this study, we create a neonatal brain template. This becomes necessary because of the pronounced differences not only in size but even more importantly in geometrical proportions of the brains of adults and children as compared to the ones of newborns. The template is created based(More)
A realistic head model is needed for source localization methods used for the study of epilepsy in neonates applying Electroencephalographic (EEG) measurements from the scalp. The earliest models consider the head as a series of concentric spheres, each layer corresponding to a different tissue whose conductivity is assumed to be homogeneous. The results of(More)
OBJECTIVE Phase Contrast Magnetic Resonance Imaging (PCMRI) is a noninvasive technique that can be used to quantify variations of flow during the cardiac cycle. PCMRI allows investigations of blood flow dynamics in the main arteries and veins of the brain but also the dynamics of cerebrospinal fluid. These cerebral flow investigations provide a description(More)
BACKGROUND Phase-contrast magnetic resonance imaging (PC-MRI) enables quantification of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) flow and total cerebral blood (tCBF) flow and may be of value for the etiological diagnosis of neurodegenerative diseases. This investigation aimed to study CSF flow and intracerebral vascular flow in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and(More)
Inappropriate results may be produced if one uses adult or pediatric atlases for evaluation of neonatal cerebral images for morphological studies. This is mainly due to anatomical particularities typical for this early stage of development. In this paper, we describe the construction of a digital neonatal brain atlas from a set of images of neonates aged(More)
INTRODUCTION The diagnosis and management of idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (INPH) remains unclear despite the development of guidelines. In addition, the role of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) aqueductal stroke volume (ASV) remains unspecified. OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to compare the results of the tap test (TT) and ASV in patients with(More)