Catherine Godinot

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Mutations in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) are frequent in cancers but it is not yet clearly established whether they are modifier events involved in cancer progression or whether they are a consequence of tumorigenesis. Here we show a benign tumor type in which mtDNA mutations that lead to complex I (CI) enzyme deficiency are found in all tumors and are the(More)
Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy is a mitochondrial disease caused by point mutations in mitochondrial DNA. It usually presents as severe bilateral visual loss in young adults. We report on a neurological disorder resembling Leigh syndrome, which complicated Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy in three unrelated male patients harboring mitochondrial DNA(More)
Renal oncocytomas are benign tumors characterized by dense accumulation of mitochondria the cause of which remains unknown so far. Consistently, mitochondrial DNA content and the amounts and catalytic activities of several oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) complexes were known to be increased in these tumors, but it was not ascertained that the OXPHOS(More)
A decrease in oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) is characteristic of many cancer types and, in particular, of clear cell renal carcinoma (CCRC) deficient in von Hippel-Lindau (vhl) gene. In the absence of functional pVHL, hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) 1-alpha and HIF2-alpha subunits are stabilized, which induces the transcription of many genes including(More)
A 34-year-old right handed man presented with a bilateral subacute optical neuropathy associated with cervical dystonia, parkinsonism and supranuclear ophtalmoplegia. Magnetic resonance imaging showed in T2 increased intensity of signal in the dorsal mesencephalum and pons as well as in dorsal part of striata. The 3,460 mutation of mitochondrial DNA was(More)
A 29-year-old man with a progressive exertional muscle intolerance since childhood was referred for incremental exercise test on a bicycle ergometer. The response pattern suggested a mitochondrial myopathy: that is, a greatly reduced maximum oxygen consumption with appropriate heart rate increase and an anaerobic threshold point reached early. The metabolic(More)
BACKGROUND The A3243G mutation in the tRNALeu gene (UUR), is one of the most common pathogenic mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutations in France, and is associated with highly variable and heterogeneous disease phenotypes. To define the relationships between the A3243G mutation and mtDNA backgrounds, we determined the haplogroup affiliation of 142 unrelated(More)
The expression of mitochondrial proteins of two patients suffering from myopathy with progressive exercise intolerance and exhibiting a deficiency in the enzymatic activity of complex III (ubiquinol-cytochrome c reductase) has been analyzed by immunological titration. In both patients, the Fe-S protein, the cytochrome b and the 9.5 kDa protein were(More)
In mitochondrial encephalomyopathies, impairment of the electron transfer chain may lead to overproduction of reduced oxygen species because oxygen consumption is decreased. Whether heat shock proteins (Hsp) are induced or not in mitochondria against oxidative stress is questionable. Muscle ragged-red fibres are the histological hallmark of most respiratory(More)
The distribution of transcripts of mitochondrial and nuclear genes involved in oxidative phosphorylation and of the mitochondrial creatine kinase nuclear gene was examined, using in situ hybridisation, in the skeletal muscle of 11 patients harbouring a heteroplasmic mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) single deletion. Levels of mRNAs transcribed from genes located(More)