Catherine Godinot

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F1-ATPase assembly has been studied in human rho degrees cells devoid of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). Since, in these cells, oxidative phosphorylation cannot provide ATP, their growth relies on glycolysis. Despite the absence of the mtDNA-coded F0 subunits 6 and 8, rho degrees cells possessed normal levels of F1-ATPase alpha and beta subunits. This F1-ATPase(More)
We showed that the human respiratory chain is organized in supramolecular assemblies of respiratory chain complexes, the respirasomes. The mitochondrial complexes I (NADH dehydrogenase) and III (cytochrome c reductase) form a stable core respirasome to which complex IV (cytochrome c oxidase) can also bind. An analysis of the state of respirasomes in(More)
Mutations in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) are frequent in cancers but it is not yet clearly established whether they are modifier events involved in cancer progression or whether they are a consequence of tumorigenesis. Here we show a benign tumor type in which mtDNA mutations that lead to complex I (CI) enzyme deficiency are found in all tumors and are the(More)
A mechanism decreasing oxidative metabolism during normal cell division and growth is expected to direct substrates toward biosyntheses rather than toward complete oxidation to CO(2). Hence, any event decreasing oxidative phosphorylations (OXPHOS) could provide a proliferating advantage to a transformed or tumor cell in an oxidative tissue. To test this(More)
Renal oncocytomas are benign tumors characterized by dense accumulation of mitochondria the cause of which remains unknown so far. Consistently, mitochondrial DNA content and the amounts and catalytic activities of several oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) complexes were known to be increased in these tumors, but it was not ascertained that the OXPHOS(More)
In most cancer cells, the ATP necessary for survival and proliferation is derived from glycolysis rather than from oxidative phosphorylations (OXPHOS) even when oxygen supply would be adequate to sustain them. This phenomenon, named "aerobic glycolysis" by Warburg many years ago, can now be explained by a mechanism up-regulating the expression of genes(More)
Cobalt is often used as a hypoxia mimic in cell culture, because it stabilizes the alpha subunits of the transcription factor, HIF (hypoxia-inducible factor). We have previously shown that HIF stabilization due to a deficiency of the von Hippel Lindau protein (pVHL) in clear cell renal carcinoma (CRCC) was correlated to a down-regulation of oxidative(More)
The great variability of the human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) sequence induces many difficulties in the search for its deleterious mutations. We illustrate these pitfalls by the analysis of the cytochrome b gene of 21 patients affected with a mitochondrial disease. Eighteen different sequence variations were found, five of which were new mutations. Extensive(More)
Although mitochondrial deficiency in cancer has been described by Warburg, many years ago, the mechanisms underlying this impairment remain essentially unknown. Many types of cancer cells are concerned and, in particular, clear cell renal carcinoma (CCRC). In this cancer, the tumor suppressor gene, VHL (von Hippel-Lindau factor) is invalidated. Previous(More)
Two new familial cases of 2-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase (2-KGD) deficiency are reported: a girl who died at 10 years and a boy, still alive at 4 years, born to consanguineous parents. The cases developed progressively severe encephalopathy with axial hypotonia, psychotic behaviour, pyramidal symptoms and failure to thrive. Both children exhibited permanent(More)