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In human male meiotic prophase, nonhomologous pairings and connections between C-heterochromatic regions were demonstrated by C-banding and G-11 staining. Approximately 40% of the pachytene stages exhibited bivalent associations at regions of C-heterochromatin. Nonhomologous associations were seen between all possible morphological types of bivalents.(More)
In a family in which a large pericentric inversion of chromosome 7 is segregating, two of the four progeny of inversion heterozygotes show severe psychomotor retardation and have the karyotype 46,XX,rec(7),dup q,inv(7)(p22q32), derived from crossing-over within the inversion. Meiotic analysis in one of the heterozygotes revealed no evidence of inversion(More)
The frequencies of common fragile sites (c-fra) induced in peripheral blood lymphocytes by fluorodeoxyuridine (FUdR), aphidicolin, or caffeine, in eight healthy controls were studied. There was a significantly higher frequency of breaks (P<0.05) in the latter two treatments than the former. Also, significant variation in total number of breaks was observed(More)
In a clinical and cytogenetic survey of 39 individuals with Prader-Labhart-Willi syndrome (PLWS) (23 males and 16 females ranging in age from 2 weeks to 39 years), an interstitial deletion of chromosome 15 (breakpoints q11 and q13) was identified in 21 cases and apparently normal chromosomes in the remainder. Studies of parental chromosome 15 variants(More)
Twenty-seven cases of inverted duplications of chromosome 15 (inv dup [15]) were investigated by FISH with two DNA probes specific for the Prader-Willi syndrome/Angelman syndrome (PWS/AS) region on proximal 15q. Sixteen of the marker chromosomes displayed two copies of each probe, while in the remaining 11 markers no hybridization was observed. A(More)
The main features of Wiedemann-Beckwith syndrome (WBS) include macroglossia, abdominal wall defects, visceromegaly, gigantism, hypoglycemia, ear creases, nevus flammeus, and mid-face hypoplasia. Twenty-two cases of WBS were examined clinically and cytogenetically, and compared to 226 previously reported cases. Aspects of the clinical evaluations are(More)
Twenty-seven patients carrying marker chromosomes were previously collected, characterized by cytogenetic techniques, and identified by stepwise fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) with alpha-satellite DNA probes. Clinical features of 22 patients are described here and compared to other patients with marker chromosomes similarly identified and(More)