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BACKGROUND We investigated the immunoinflammatory profile of patients successfully resuscitated after cardiac arrest, representing a model of whole-body ischemia/reperfusion syndrome. METHODS AND RESULTS Plasma cytokine, endotoxin, and ex vivo cytokine production in whole-blood assays was assessed in 61, 35, and 11 patients, respectively. On admission,(More)
Immune status is altered in patients with sepsis or non-infectious systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS). Reduced ex-vivo TNF production by endotoxin-activated monocytes has been regularly reported. This observation is reminiscent of the phenomenon of endotoxin tolerance, and the term 'leukocyte reprogramming' well defines this phenomenon. This(More)
OBJECTIVE Immune status is altered during systemic inflammatory response syndrome and sepsis. Reduced ex vivo tumor necrosis factor production has been regularly reported with lipopolysaccharide-activated monocytes. In this study, we addressed the specificity of this hyporeactivity and investigated some of the possible associated mechanistic events. (More)
Beeson (1946) first defined endotoxin tolerance as a reduced endotoxin-induced fever following repeated injections of typhoid vaccine. Freudenberg and Galanos (1988) demonstrated that endotoxin tolerance that can protect against a lethal challenge of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) involves the participation of macrophages. Evans and Zuckerman (1991) reported a(More)
We report our investigations of circulating interleukin (IL) 1 beta, IL 6 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, as well as cell-associated IL 1 alpha, IL 1 beta and TNF-alpha in plasma and monocytes of 21 patients with sepsis syndrome and 6 patients with non-septic shock. Longitudinal studies reveal that (a) the most frequent detectable plasma cytokines(More)
Fast and reliable assays to precisely define the nature of the infectious agents causing sepsis are eagerly anticipated. New molecular biology techniques are now available to define the presence of bacterial or fungal DNA within the bloodstream of sepsis patients. We have used a new technique (VYOO®) that allows the enrichment of microbial DNA before a(More)
The dominant role of inflammation in airways disease progression in cystic fibrosis (CF) is now well established and, based on recent findings, the possibility of an inappropriate inflammatory response in the lung of patients with CF has emerged. In order to characterize this response, the aim of the present work was to evaluate the levels of a number of(More)
Sepsis is associated with an exacerbated production of both pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines, which are detectable within the bloodstream. Their 'half-angel, half-devil' properties are fully illustrated in sepsis. While they are a prerequisite to fight infection, their overzealous production is deleterious. The highest levels are found in plasma of(More)
OBJECTIVES Interleukin (IL)-8, a pro-inflammatory cytokine, is a potent chemoattractant factor and an activator of neutrophils produced by many cell types after stimulation by IL-1, tumor necrosis factor (TNF), or microbial products such as endotoxins. We investigated whether the presence of measurable IL-8 in plasma was associated with the clinical status(More)