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The two human trypsinogens have been isolated from human pancreatic juice in a sufficient amount to study molecular and structural properties. The purification procedure included filtration on Sephadex G-100 followed by ion-exchange chromatography on DEAE-cellulose. The two trypsinogens represent 19% of total proteins of pancreatic juice. Trypsinogen 1, the(More)
The activation of human trypsinogens 1 and 2 by porcine enterokinase at pH 5.6 shows that the two human zymogens are equivalent substrates for this enzyme and that both proteins are activated faster than the cationic bovine trypsinogen. At pH 8.0 and in the presence of 20 mM calcium the two human trypsinogens are activated by either human trypsin at the(More)
Chloride channels play an important role in the physiology and pathophysiology of epithelia, but their pharmacology is still poorly developed. We have chemically synthesized a series of substituted benzo[c]quinolizinium (MPB) compounds. Among them, 6-hydroxy-7-chlorobenzo[c]quinolizinium (MPB-27) and 6-hydroxy-10-chlorobenzo[c]quinolizinium (MPB-07), which(More)
Human tracheal gland serous (HTGS) cells are now considered one principal pulmonary target for the gene therapy of cystic fibrosis (CF). We developed a CF tracheal gland serous cell line, CF-KM4, obtained by the transformation of primary cultures of CF tracheal gland serous cells homozygous for the DeltaF508 mutation by using the wild-type SV40 virus. This(More)
BACKGROUND We have studied gene transfer efficiency of glycosylated polylysines and glycosylated polyethylenimines as vectors in immortalized differentiated airway gland serous cells and primary cultures of human airway surface epithelial cells. METHODS AND RESULTS In both cell types, lactosylated PEI was more efficient for gene transfer than(More)
We localized REG protein in Paneth cells and nonmature columnar cells of the human small intestinal crypts and speculated that this protein was associated with growth and/or differentiation. The aim of this study was to determine whether REG protein is present in two human colon cancer cell lines that exhibit enterocytic differentiation after confluence and(More)
Human trypsinogens 1 and 2 were activated at the same rate by pure human cathepsin B at pH 3.8. Human trypsinogen 1 was also spontaneously activated during incubation at acidic pH, activation being most rapid at pH 5.0. In contrast, trypsinogen 2 showed little or no activation under these conditions. The presence of calcium salts (20mM) delayed the onset of(More)
Human lipase has been purified from pancreatic juice. The protein has a molecular weight of 48 000 and an N-terminal residue of lysine. It has been characterized as a glycoprotein containing 4.7 mol of glucosamine, 2.8 mol of mannose, 2.9 mol of fucose, 3.0 mol. of galactose and 1.1 mol of glucose per mol of protein. Two isolipases have been separated by(More)
The reg gene has previously been shown to be associated with regeneration of pancreatic islets. Strategies for influencing the replication and the growth of the beta-cell mass may be important for prevention and/or treatment of type I diabetes. In this study, we have examined the level of reg gene expression at various degrees of diabetogenesis in the(More)
ATP and UTP have been proposed for use as therapeutic treatment of the abnormal ion transport in the airway epithelium in cystic fibrosis (CF), the most characteristic feature of which is permanent infection by Pseudomonas aeruginosa. As for diverse gram-negative bacteria, this pathogenic bacterium accumulates diffusible N-acylhomoserine lactone (AHL)(More)