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Rapidly proliferating cells promote glycolysis in aerobic conditions, to increase growth rate. Expression of specific glycolytic enzymes, namely pyruvate kinase M2 and hexokinase 2, concurs to this metabolic adaptation, as their kinetics and intracellular localization favour biosynthetic processes required for cell proliferation. Intracellular factors(More)
A defect in protein turnover underlies multiple forms of cell atrophy. Since S6 kinase (S6K)-deficient cells are small and display a blunted response to nutrient and growth factor availability, we have hypothesized that mutant cell atrophy may be triggered by a change in global protein synthesis. By using mouse genetics and pharmacological inhibitors(More)
Rapamycin is an antibiotic inhibiting eukaryotic cell growth and proliferation by acting on target of rapamycin (TOR) kinase. Mammalian TOR (mTOR) is thought to work through 2 independent complexes to regulate cell size and cell replication, and these 2 complexes show differential sensitivity to rapamycin. Here we combine functional genetics and(More)
To sustain increased growth, rapidly proliferating cells, such as tumour cells, undergo metabolic adaptations. In recent years, the mechanisms of glycolysis activation as a key metabolic adaptation in proliferating cells became the topic of intense research. Although this phenomenon was described more than 50 years ago by Otto Warburg, the molecular(More)
It is established that overnutrition is a risk factor for hepatocellular carcinoma. Il has been proposed that hepatic steatosis leads to a subinflammatory response and to the production of mitogenic cytokines. Our team is focused on the role of mammalian Target of Rapamycin (mTOR) in two pathophysiological conditions that modulate liver growth: liver(More)
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