Catherine Eichwald

Learn More
Viroplasms are discrete structures formed in the cytoplasm of rotavirus-infected cells and constitute the replication machinery of the virus. The non-structural proteins NSP2 and NSP5 localize in viroplasms together with other viral proteins, including the polymerase VP1, VP3 and the main inner-core protein, VP2. NSP2 and NSP5 interact with each other,(More)
AIMS To determine if live recombinant Lactococcus lactis strains expressing rotavirus VP7 antigen are immunogenic in mice. METHODS AND RESULTS Using the food-grade lactic acid bacterium L. lactis as a carrier, we expressed VP7, the major rotavirus outer shell protein and one of the main components of the infective particle, as a cytoplasmic, secreted or(More)
Rotavirus NSP5 is a nonstructural protein that localizes in viroplasms of virus-infected cells. NSP5 interacts with NSP2 and undergoes a complex posttranslational hyperphosphorylation, generating species with reduced PAGE mobility. Here we show that NSP5 operates as an autoregulator of its own phosphorylation as a consequence of two distinct activities of(More)
Rotavirus genomes contain 11 double-stranded (ds) RNA segments. Genome segment 11 encodes the non-structural protein NSP5 and, in some strains, also NSP6. NSP5 is produced soon after viral infection and localizes in cytoplasmic viroplasms, where virus replication takes place. RNA interference by small interfering (si) RNAs targeted to genome segment 11 mRNA(More)
Rotavirus viroplasms are cytosolic, electron-dense inclusions corresponding to the viral machinery of replication responsible for viral template transcription, dsRNA genome segments replication and assembly of new viral cores. We have previously observed that, over time, those viroplasms increase in size and decrease in number. Therefore, we hypothesized(More)
Expression of a high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) E7 oncoprotein is sufficient to induce aberrant centrosome duplication in primary human cells. The resulting centrosome-associated mitotic abnormalities have been linked to the development of aneuploidy. HPV type 16 (HPV16) E7 induces supernumerary centrosomes through a mechanism that is at least in part(More)
Rotavirus NSP5 is a nonstructural protein that localizes in cytoplasmic viroplasms of infected cells. NSP5 interacts with NSP2 and undergoes a complex posttranslational hyperphosphorylation, generating species with reduced polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis mobility. This process has been suggested to be due in part to autophosphorylation. We developed an(More)
Rotavirus morphogenesis starts in intracellular inclusion bodies called viroplasms. RNA replication and packaging are mediated by several viral proteins, of which VP1, the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase, and VP2, the core scaffolding protein, were shown to be sufficient to provide replicase activity in vitro. In vivo, however, viral replication complexes also(More)
Although inserting exogenous viral genome segments into rotavirus particles remains a hard challenge, this study describes the in vivo incorporation of a recombinant viral capsid protein (VP6) into newly assembled rotavirus particles. In vivo biotinylation technology was exploited to biotinylate a recombinant VP6 protein fused to a 15 aa biotin-acceptor(More)
Protein-protein associations are vital to cellular functions. Here we describe a helpful new method to demonstrate protein-protein associations inside cells based on the capacity of orthoreovirus protein muNS to form large cytoplasmic inclusions, easily visualized by light microscopy, and to recruit other proteins to these structures in a specific manner.(More)