Catherine E Mills

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Respiration of Escherichia coli catalyzed either by cytochrome bo' or bd is sensitive to micromolar extracellular NO; extensive, transient inhibition of respiration increases as dissolved oxygen tension in the medium decreases. At low oxygen concentrations (25-33 microm), the duration of inhibition of respiration by 9 microm NO is increased by mutation of(More)
Host cells respond to infection by generating nitric oxide (NO) as a cytotoxic weapon to facilitate killing of invading microbes. Bacterial flavohaemoglobins are well-known scavengers of NO and play a crucial role in protecting animal pathogens from nitrosative stress during infection. Erwinia chrysanthemi, which causes macerating diseases in a wide variety(More)
A purification procedure for flavohaemoglobin Hmp (NO oxygenase) is described that gives high yields of protein with equistoichiometric haem and FAD contents. H(2)O(2) accumulated on NADH oxidation by the purified protein and in cell extracts with elevated Hmp contents. H(2)O(2) probably arose by dismutation from superoxide, which was also detectable during(More)
Euplokamis has coiled tentilla on its tentacles, which can be discharged, flicking out at high velocity, when triggered by contact with prey. The tentillum adheres to prey by means of numerous colloblasts. Discharge, which takes 40–60 ms, is accomplished by contraction of striated muscles, found only in this genus among the Ctenophora. Restoration of the(More)
Euplokamis has coiled tentilla on its tentacles, which can be discharged, flicking out at high velocity, when triggered by contact with prey. The tentillum adheres to prey by means of numerous colloblasts. Discharge, which takes 40-60 ms, is accomplished by contraction of striated muscles, found only in this genus among the Ctenophora. Restoration of the(More)
Escherichia coli possesses a two-domain flavohemoglobin, Hmp, implicated in nitric oxide (NO) detoxification. To determine the contribution of each domain of Hmp toward NO detoxification, we genetically engineered the Hmp protein and separately expressed the heme (HD) and the flavin (FD) domains in a defined hmp mutant. Expression of each domain was(More)
The in vivo relationship between human tumor cells and interacting normal cells in their local environment is poorly understood. Here, using a uniquely developed in vitro co-culture system for human embryonic stem cells (hESCs), we examined the interactions between transformed and normal human stem cells. Co-culture of transformed-hESCs (t-hESCs) with(More)
Biochemical studies of flavohemoglobin (Hmp) from Escherichia coli suggest that instead of aerobic oxygen delivery, a dioxygenase converts NO to NO3(-) and anaerobically, an NO reductase converts NO to N(2)O. To investigate the structural features underlying the chemical reactivity of Hmp, we have measured the resonance Raman spectra of the ligand-free(More)
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