Catherine E Luke

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OBJECTIVE Toll-like receptors (TLR) bridge innate immunity and host responses, including inflammation. Sterile inflammation such as a venous thrombus (Vt) may involve TLR signaling, including TLR9. METHODS AND RESULTS TLR9 signaling on thrombus resolution was investigated using a mouse model of stasis Vt. Vt were significantly larger in TLR9-/- mice(More)
INTRODUCTION Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) resolution involves the plasmin and the matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) system. This study tested the hypothesis that pharmacological inhibition of the plasmin system would impair DVT resolution and worsen vein wall damage. METHODS A rat model of stasis DVT by inferior vena cava (IVC) ligation was performed with(More)
INTRODUCTION Post thrombotic syndrome therapy is primarily palliative, and the associated vein wall inflammatory mechanisms are unclear. Vein wall fibrotic injury following deep venous thrombosis (VT) is associated with elevated matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). Whether and by what mechanism MMP9 directly contributes to vein wall remodeling after VT is(More)
BACKGROUND Postthrombotic intraluminal tissue causing postthrombotic syndrome (PTS) has not been well described. This study defines its histological characteristics and assess whether tissue function evolves over time. METHODS Specimens from 18 common femoral veins (CFV) from 16 patients obtained during CFV endovenectomy and iliocaval recanalization were(More)
BACKGROUND Vein wall fibrotic injury following deep venous thrombosis (VT) is associated with elevated matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). Whether and by what mechanism MMP2 contributes to vein wall remodeling after VT is unknown. METHODS Stasis VT was produced by ligation of the inferior vena cava and tissue was harvested at 2, 8, and 21 days in MMP2 -/-(More)
OBJECTIVE We tested the hypothesis that a venous thromboembolism to the pulmonary arterial system (pulmonary embolism [PE]) would cause an inflammatory response within the pulmonary arterial (PA) wall marked by elevated cytokines and chemokines and an influx of inflammatory cells. METHODS Experimental PE was induced in 70 rats and confirmed with(More)
BACKGROUND Postthrombotic syndrome is characterized by a fibrotic vein injury following deep vein thrombosis (DVT). We sought to quantify the change in vein wall thickness in patients who fail to resolve DVT by 6 months and whether there were differences in blood or plasma levels of inflammatory proteins associated with venous remodeling. METHODS Patients(More)
Deep-vein thrombosis (DVT) resolves via a sterile inflammatory response. Defining the inflammatory response of DVT may allow for new therapies that do not involve anticoagulation. Previously, we have shown that Toll-like receptor 9 (Tlr9) gene deleted mice had impaired venous thrombosis (VT) resolution. Here, we further characterise the role of Tlr9(More)
Deep-vein thrombosis (DVT) resolution is thought to be primarily a urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) -dependent mechanism, although observations suggest other non-fibrinolytic mechanisms may exist. We explored the role of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) -2 and -9 in early DVT resolution in uPA-deficient mice. Male B6/SVEV (WT) and genetically matched uPA(More)
BACKGROUND Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a life-threatening condition that is associated with the long-term sequelae of chronic pulmonary hypertension. Prior experimental work has suggested that post-PE inflammation is accompanied by pulmonary artery intimal hyperplasia. This study evaluated the effect of the thrombus and tested the hypothesis that(More)