Catherine Decourt

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The more distal enhancers of the immunoglobulin heavy-chain 3' regulatory region, hs3b and hs4, were recently demonstrated as master control elements of germline transcription and class switch recombination to most immunoglobulin constant genes. In addition, they were shown to enhance the accumulation of somatic mutations on linked transgenes. Since somatic(More)
Previous targeting experiments within the IgH locus have shown that V(D)J recombination was affected by an insertion of a neo gene within E(mu) upstream of the core enhancer, but not by insertions downstream of the enhancer. Similarly, class switch recombination to a given (C) gene was affected only by interposition of neo in between that gene and the 3'(More)
Fas and p75 neurotrophin receptors (p75(NTR)) are death receptors that alone induce apoptosis of SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cell line respectively by Fas ligand or brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF, a p75(NTR) ligand). We report on the modulation of Fas-mediated apoptosis by concomitant p75(NTR) activation. The exposure to both ligands suppressed the(More)
We have explored the effect of inserting 3' immunoglobulin heavy chain (IgH) locus transcriptional regulatory elements in stable expression vectors driven by a heavy chain variable gene promoter (pVH). A cassette was constructed, associating three enhancer elements from the palindromic part of the 3' IgH regulatory region, namely Calpha3'/hs3 reverse,(More)
We have designed an in vivo model in which murine hybridoma cell clones producing human Ig light chains (LC) are administered to mice. Depending on which monoclonal LC is expressed, this model mimics either cast myeloma nephropathy or the pathological condition defined as myeloma-associated Fanconi's syndrome (FS) with LC crystallization. Morphological(More)
Fanconi's syndrome (FS) is a disorder of sodium-dependent proximal tubule reabsorption, which may complicate plasma cell disorders producing a free monoclonal light chain (LC). FS often occurs in the setting of smoldering myeloma and features cytoplasmic crystalline inclusions of monoclonal kappa LC in proximal tubular cells and malignant plasma cells.(More)
We report on the primary sequence of the monoclonal immunoglobulin light chain (LC) REV involved in myeloma-associated light chain deposition disease (LCDD). This sequence was deduced from that of the corresponding complementary (c)DNA in bone marrow plasma cells. Products of three independent amplifications by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) were sequenced(More)
Crystal formation by monoclonal immunoglobulins is a well-known but rare complication of B-cell neoplasia. We have designed an in vivo model of cryocrystalglobulinemia by grafting to mice hybridoma clones producing a pathogenic monoclonal immunogloblulin (Ig) G3kappa. One clone, 8A4, secreted a singular IgG3 that formed crystals both in the proliferating(More)
The lower avidity and/or affinity of antibodies generated by an aged immune system could be attributed to two major changes in the antibody repertoire: a shift in germline gene usage and a decrease in the rate of immunoglobulin hypermutation. In an attempt to identify the mechanisms involved in the observed humoral immune deficiency in the elderly, we(More)