Catherine Conroy

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The rates of reaction for the nonenzymatic conjugation of reduced glutathione and L-cysteine to a series of 5-substituted 1,3,4-thiadiazole- and 1,3,4-thiadiazoline-2-sulfonamides, ring-fused 1,3,4-thiadiazole-2-sulfonamides, and substituted benzenesulfonamides have been measured under simulated physiological conditions. The reactivities toward conjugation(More)
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors (CAIs) lower intraocular pressure by reducing aqueous flow. It has been thought that this pharmacologic reduction of aqueous flow is mediated by the ciliary epithelium, but it is not known whether this cellular action is effected by inhibition of the membranal (CA IV) and/or cytosolic (CA II) carbonic anhydrases of the ciliary(More)
Aliphatic sulfonamides, as CH3SO2NH2, are very weak inhibitors of the carbonic anhydrases (KI congruent to 10(-4) M) and are extremely weak acids (Ka congruent to 10(-10.5) M). We now find CF3SO2NH2 a very potent inhibitor of carbonic anhydrase II (KI = 2 x 10(-9) M) and a much stronger acid (Ka = 10(-5.8) M). It freely dissolves in water, a 2% solution(More)
Carbonic anhydrase (CA) cytoplasmic isozymes CA I and CA II were found in human erythrocyte membrane ghosts, when prepared at pH 5.4 and pH 7.4, but not in ghosts prepared at pH 8.2. These findings could indicate that previously reported CA activity of ghosts was owing to contamination by CA I and CA II during the preparation of the ghosts. However, using a(More)
Dorzolamide is a powerful inhibitor of carbonic anhydrase (CA) II that penetrates the sclera and cornea to reach the ciliary process and lowers formation of HCO3 and aqueous humor. The usual dose applied to the eye in treatment of glaucoma is 1 drop (30 microL of 2% solution) every 8 hr to each eye, or a total daily dose of 4 mg. On this regime, the red(More)
Red cell carbonic anhydrase isoenzyme activities (HCA-I and HCA-II) were quantitated in blood hemolysates of two female siblings affected with autosomal recessive osteopetrosis in addition to family members who were both obligate and potential heterozygotes as well as normal controls. Selective inactivation of red cell hemolysates with 20 mmol/l(More)
To achieve selective inhibition of cytosolic and membrane-bound carbonic anhydrase (CA II and CA IV, respectively), we synthesized a polymer of molecular weight 3500 from polyoxyethylene bis acetic acid and aminobenzolamide. The new compound, designated F (for Florida) 3500, is stable, water soluble and nontoxic. It is excreted largely unchanged by(More)